Dimapur, September 2: FPA India, Nagaland Branch, organized a webinar on the topic Cervical Cancer on September 2 with Dr. NounenuoTerhase, Consultant Obstetrics and Gynecologist as resource person.
Dr. Terhase in her presentation explained that cervical cancer is caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and is one of the most common cancers among women.
Almost all sexually active individuals are infected with HPV at some point in their lives and some may be repeatedly infected. However, persistent infection with specific types of HPV may lead to precancerous lesion. If untreated, these lesions may progress to cervical cancer, she said.
She mentioned that some of the risk factors of cervical cancer include use of tobacco and smoking, women with multiple pregnancies, multiple sexual partner, early age of onset of sexual activity, and the incidences of cervical cancer are more common in women from low socio-economic group of population. She said in early stages there might not be major symptoms but as it progresses some of the common symptoms are vaginal bleeding, increased vaginal discharge, difficult passing of urine and stool, lower abdomen pain.
Stressing on the types of screening test, i.e., Pap smear, Visual Inspections with Acetic Acid (VIA), HPV DNA test she cited that VIA can be carried out by the nurses and ASHAs after they are trained and it is also cost effective.
To prevent cervical cancer the primary method is education about safe sex and HPV vaccination for girls between 9-14 years. The secondary prevention is screening and treatment of precancerous diseases.
The cervical cancer has various stages and the treatment differ in each stage.
If the cancer is detected at an early age it can be treated by simple surgical method like Conizationor Loop Excision which are for younger group of women who wants to preserve their fertilityand the later stage involves surgical removal, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Dr. Terhase urged women of 30 years and above to undergo screening test for precaution. (Page News Service)