State to see rise in annual average temperature

State to see rise in annual average temperature

Dimapur, May 18: Nagaland is expected to witness an increase in annual average temperature between 1.6 degree Celsius to 1.8 degree Celsius, and an increase in the annual rainfall by 15% to 20% from 2020 to 2050. These forecasts were made by Assistant Conservator of Forest (Headquarter), PCFF & HOFF, Kohima Ango Konyak while giving a presentation today here at the auditorium of Dimapur Government College.
Konyak was speaking at a one day seminar on ‘Climate Change’ which was attended by a large number of students, the faculty members of the college, and the members of the DGC Alumni Association besides others.
As a counter measure to climate change, Konyak, who is also the Deputy Project Director of Nagaland Forest Management Project (funded by JICA), said that Nagaland State Action Plan on Climate Change (Nagaland SAPCC), which comprises of 25 government departments, has identified key sectors vulnerable to climate change. These include integrated agriculture, water resources, forest and biodiversity, urban habitat and transport, health, energy, and cross cutting issues (livelihood and research and knowledge management).
During the presentation, he talked about various climate related projects and activities in Nagaland which involve Department of Agriculture’s National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA), Department of Land Resource’s springshed development project and Department of Science and Technology’s National Mission on Sustainable Himalayan Ecosystem and National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change.
He said that further review of Nagaland SAPCC is on and there have been participation of various government departments, assisted by GIZ (German development Agency), and draft on final stage.
Butesen Ozüküm, freelance trainer, leadership & community development, Shillong in his presentation gave a global perspective of climate change and said that the damage done by human activities on the climate is irreversible and it is about buying time now. He said that the world is heading towards a 16 degree average temperature and this would make the Earth a dangerous place.
In his presentation, he said that by 2050s, India will have to import more than twice the amount of food grain than would be required without climate change and a 10% increase in drought will increase the price of rice (+23%), maize (+16%) and pigeon pea (+10%) which will have adverse economic implications. Also, the country might lose 10% to 40% of its current crop production by the end of this century due to the change in climate.
Representing Wildlife Wing of Forest department, Suman WM Sivachar, IFS, Deputy Conservator of Forests, Kiphire Wildlife Division spoke on combating climate change through conservation of forest and wildlife.
Earlier President of Dimapur Government College Alumni Association K Temjen Jamir said that though most of the people of Nagaland are not experiencing the visible impacts of climate change happening in the oceans, it is an alarming global issue and many islands are facing the threats of getting submerged due to rising sea level.
Reminiscing about his past years, he said he would come across a question in the examinations why Kohima is cooler compared to Dimapur but these days, Kohima has become as warm as Dimapur and the appropriate question that should be asked now is why Kohima is as warm as Dimapur.
In the opening remark, Principal of Dimapur Government College Kavili Jakhalu mentioned that since 1850s to 1990s, it is estimated that the average temperature of the Earth has risen by 1 degree Celsius and the focus now is to not let the average temperature rise anymore.
The seminar was organized by Dimapur Government College Alumni Association. (Page News Service)