Dimapur, October 15: The two-day State level training on production of oyster mushroom commenced Monday in the conference hall, Directorate of Horticulture, Kohima. The programme was organised by Horticulture Department under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojona (RKVY), Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmer’s Welfare, GoI.
Assistant Horticulture Officer (RKVY), T. Eluba in his key note address highlighted that there are 2300 species and 200 genres and out of 2300 species, 12 species are edible and can be grown and cultivated. He stated that mushroom technology reached India in 1960’s and by mid-70’s cultivation started. In Nagaland mushroom technology reached in 1990’s but till now commercialization has not materialised because lots of money is required to take up this technology.
Deputy Director, Horticulture, Meyasashi gave a power presentation on the method of Oyster Mushroom cultivation, post-harvesting handling of mushroom, general preventive measure of mushroom diseases and pests and recycling of spent mushroom substrate into organic manure. He highlighted that mushroom can be cultivated from a tree or plant that has elasticity like – saw dust, corn leaves, dry banana leaves, paddy straw, soya bean leaves. He said that mushroom is the fastest growing organism in the world and is an excellent source of high quality protein, low cholesterol, good source of selenium, dietary fibre, potassium, vitamin B1, B2 &D, low calories, fat & sodium, anti-oxidants to support immune system, kills AIDS virus, longevity.
On the first day, 6 districts were trained – Peren, Kohima, Dimapur, Mokokchung, Tseminyu, Wokha and the other districts will be trained on October 16.
The programme was chaired by Deputy Directorate of Horticulture, S. Senka Jamir. Pawns & equipments were distributed to the mushroom growers.
(Page News Service)