KOHIMA, SEPTEMBER 1: The Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Nagaland, has brought out the Gender Statistics Nagaland 2019.
The 156-page book was officially released by the Department’s outgoing Director, Y Sacheo Ovung on the day of his retirement on August 31 at his official chamber in the presence of the incoming Director R Kronu, Additional Director P Singson, Joint Director Neidilhou Angami, Deputy Director Theyieneinuo Belho and other officers.
“Gender statistics play a crucial role in gender mainstreaming on various developmental aspects for achieving gender and economic equality, inclusive development and social well-being in the society”, said Ovung.
This is the third publication series which focuses on 7 major areas of women’s status in Nagaland which includes population, health, social obstacles in women’s empowerment, decision makings, women’s participation in economy, labour force & employment and literacy & education.
Some of key findings are as follows:
Sex Ratio: The statistics reveals that in 2001, the sex ratio (number of females per 1000 males in Nagaland was 900 which increased to 931 during the 2011 census while the sex ratio as per the 2011 census for rural and urban areas is 940 and 908 respectively.
It also revealed that at the district level Zunheboto has the highest sex ratio of 976 followed by Wokha – 968 and the lowest sex ratio is reported in Mon district at 899.
It said that over the last 40 years, considerable improvement in sex ratio is observed in the districts of Kohima (22.27%), Mokokchung (10.91%) and Dimapur (7.61%). However, the sex ratio has worsened in the districts of Peren (-3.28%), Wokha (-1.22%) and Mon (-0.44%).
As per the 2011 census, the sex ratio for Girl Child (0-9) age group was 937, while 957 for the productive age group (15-45) and 875 for age group (60+). The sex ratio in the economically active age group (15-59) was 936, the Gender Statistics book maintained.
Child population: As per census 2011, child population (0-6 years) was 2,91,071, out of which 1,49,785 were male and 1,41,286 were female. The share of the child population to the total population is 14.71%.
The Child sex ratio (0-6 years) during 2001 was 964 which declined to 943 in 2011. Child sex ratio as per 2011 census in the rural and urban areas is 933 and 973 respectively.
Population by age group: Under population by age group, the report stated that age group of 0-9 has the highest percentage of population i.e. 21.75%.
Under this age group, the child female population was 21.85% female and the child male population was 21.66%. The age group of 10-14 comes second at 12.57% of which 12.52% are female and 12.61% are male. The age group of 80+ comes at the bottom with 0.70% of which 0.67% are female and 0.72% are male.
Marital Status in Age Group: Female population in the age group of less than 14 years who never married was 58.94%, 0.50 % for currently married and 0.26% for Widowed/Divorced/Separated.
The corresponding status for the age group of 15-29 was 35.55 %, 28.18% and 7.45% respectively. For the age group of 30-59 and 60+ who never married was 4.90% and 0.53% respectively, currently married was 63.98% and 7.29% respectively and widowed/divorced/separated was 52.34% and 39.89% respectively.
Births & Deaths: During the year 2018, total number of birth registered was 47,357, out of which 23,600 (49.83%) were female and 23,757 (50.16%) were male. District of Dimapur registered the highest with 2864 female and 2617 male which is followed by Kohima with 2196 female and 2011 male.
During the same year, 615 numbers of males and 213 numbers of female deaths were registered
Deaths by Age Group and Sex, 2018: Percentage of deaths was higher in the age group of 70 and above – 14.49% for male and 5.68% for female.
(Page News Service)