Solution to Naga problem has to be ‘unique’: Neingulo Krome

Solution to Naga problem has  to be ‘unique’: Neingulo Krome

Dimapur, July 19: Secretary General of Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights (NPMHR), Neingulo Krome today said that since Government of India has admitted and acknowledged that Nagas’ “history and situation has always been unique” which has been reiterated twice, the solution to the vexed Indo-Naga political problem also has to be “unique”.
Speaking at the 12th Session of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, “Naga Peace Process and other peace process in North East India”, at Geneva Krome said what kind of a “solution” the Government of India is having in its mind or up its sleeves, is best known by them alone.
He also highlighted the different approaches of Indian Prime Ministers from Jawaharlal Nehru to Morarji Desi and the present Prime Minister, Narendra Modi as also the different interlocutors during the last 22 years. He said that signing of ceasefire in 1997 between the Government of India and National Socialist Council of Nagalim (NSCN-IM), with the political talks continuing for the last 22 years without “any logical conclusion” yet.
“With or without Peace or Ceasefires, it is now more than 70 years that the Naga political movement has continued as one of the longest surviving political conflict in Asia, leave alone, India’s declaration to crush the Nagas within 7 days or to exterminate all Nagas without any compunction,” he stated.
He disclosed that during the first period of ceasefire and political negotiation, the then Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, offered the Nagas; “to take anything under the sun – except “Sovereignty”. Nagas responded that they would not take anything from India except to retain their Sovereignty.
During the last 22 years of political negotiations, the Government of India appointed “Interlocutors” to negotiate with the Nagas for a final political settlement with the Nagas.
He said the fourth interlocutor, who is also the present negotiator and currently the Deputy National Security Advisor, R N Ravi has managed to sign the 2015 Naga Peace Accord also known as the “3rd August 2015, Framework Agreement” but which have not been implemented so far with some “hiccups” much to the discredit of India’s insincerity.
However, he said after the signing of the “Framework Agreement on August 3, 2015”, the then Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, who is again the present Prime Minister, went on to say ; “I have the deepest admiration for the great Naga people for their extraordinary support to peace effort”.
As for the other Peace Processes in North East, Krome said he cannot pretend to know the details or even the contents of the processes nor speak of them with moral authority owing to varying sensitivity of the issues.
He said that there are efforts and initiatives made by the Government of India with the different political and armed groups in the states of Assam, Tripura, Manipur, and Meghalaya. But in most cases, it has been unproductive so far, while in some cases, some groups have laid down their arms in return with some appeasement arrangements, while others are left “high and dry”.
It has also created many rifts among the different groups with some in peace talks and others against it even within their own members of the same organizations.
Stating that all these groups and organizations are also watching at the pace of things with the happenings in the Naga Peace talks, Krome said if the outcome is encouraging enough, they may come forward with more accommodative spirits.
However, if the Peace initiatives with the Naga are discouraging it will only drive them further away, he added.
“As of now, armed confrontations are kept under control, through different methods of peace agreements in the guise of “Ceasefires”, “Suspensions of Operations”, “Memorandum of Understandings” etc. But at the end of the day, will any of this delay tactics, divide and rule policy or appeasement attitudes serve any real or meaningful purposes? The Government of India only has the answers,” he concluded. (Page News Service)