Dry skin, also called xerosis is caused by ageing, genetics, heridity factors ,sun damages, environmental factors,lack of hydration and moisture etc .There are many other reasons also why skin becomes dry but If left untreated, dry skin can crack and become infected . Dry skins are vulnerable to early wrinkles with rough, reddish patches. Daily and appropriate care is essential.
The type of skincare products you use can also be a factor if they contain harsh chemical or drying ingredients that disturb skin’s surface.
The secret of a good skin lies in the right kind of care. In dry skins, the oil-producing glands are less active. Seasonal changes also influence the skin. The hot summer season causes moisture depletion. A dry skin lacks both oil and moisture.
Moisture is most important to dry skin. It helps to keep the skin soft, smooth and supple, all hallmark of younger skin . In fact, habitual lack of moisture can lead to visible ageing signs on the skin, like lines, wrinkles, loss of elasticity and firmness. When skin is properly moisturized, it is able to naturally exfoliate built-up dead skin which allows younger skin to reveal itself and help a well-formulated moisturizer absorb better.
Normal hydration also allows skin to preserve and sustain the natural substances it relies on to keep it healthy-looking and visibly protected from negative environmental influences. There are various natural ingradients which provides moisturising to skin .
Coconut oil contains saturated fatty acids that have emollient properties which significantly improve skin hydration and increase the number of lipids on the outer parts of the skin making it smooth and soft .
Oatmeal bath has immense qualities .Oatmeal extracts contain anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties which can treat dry skin. It can be used by adding powdered oatmeal to a bath or using creams that contain oatmeal to hyderate dry skin.
Aloe vera has been part of traditional indian healing system .Aloe vera gel provide relief from dry skin. A person with dry skin on their hands or feet can apply aloe vera gel and cover the affected area with a sock or glove preferably before going to bed and leave the gel on all night.
Honey has moisturizing ,healing, anti-inflammatory properties which can be directly applied on skin to moisturise the skin and can also be used with other herbal products for achieving glowing and radiant skin .Moisturizers are available in both liquid and cream forms. During the dry season, for normal to dry skin, it is better to use a moisturising cream, applying it after cleansing and toning. It should also be applied under make-up. A liquid moisturizer can be used at night, after cleansing and nourishing the skin, if the skin is dry. Atmospheric conditions, exposure to the sun, air conditioning and heating, soaps and chlorinated water, make-up cosmetics and air pollution can all lead to moisture loss. This is more so during the hot dry season. Therefore, the daily care routine should be adjusted according to the requirements of the skin.For dry skin avoid chemical laden harsh soaps, hot showers,Drying cleansers, Products with harsh or skin-aggravating ingredients , Using extremely hot or cold water and Abrasive scrubs, loofahs, or stiff-bristled cleansing brushes that cause micro-tears in skin’s surface. Always Wear Light cotton and khadi comfortable clothing that doesn’t feel scratchy on the skin. Avoid spending too much time in the sun. Tanning and dryness can be a lethal combination.Make sure you regularly moisturize your palms and fingertips because they are constantly exposed to harsh products. Cleanse the face twice a day with a cleansing cream or gel, containing aloe vera, which helps to check moisture loss also rehydrates the skin. Apply the cleanser, with a light massage and wipe it off with moist cotton wool. Tone the skin, with rose water or a rose-based skin tonic. You can make a home-made cleanser for dry skin – To a tablespoon of cold milk add 2 drops of any vegetable oil (olive, or til or sunflower oil). Dip cotton wool in it and wipe the skin. Make this for 2 or 3 days, but keep it in the refrigerator.
Protect the skin from moisture loss due to sun-exposure. Apply a sunscreen, before going out in the sun. Most sunscreens have built-in moisturizers. A liquid moisturizer should also be used under make-up. Keep the skin well moisturised.
Nourishment is imperative for dry skin, as it not only lubricates the skin, but helps it to hold moisture better. It also softens the skin. After cleansing at night, apply nourishing cream on face and massage it with upward and outward movements, for 3 to 4 minutes. Wipe off excess cream with moist cotton wool before bedtime.
The skin around the eyes is thin and delicate. It acquires lines and wrinkles easily. Apply an under-eye cream wipe it off after 15 minutes, with moist cotton wool. Or, daily apply pure almond oil sparingly and massage lightly, using only the ring finger, for one minute under each eye. Massage in one direction only.
The skin on the lips is also thin and lacks oil producing glands. It becomes dry and chaps easily. After cleansing, apply almond oil or almond cream on the lips daily and leave it on all night. Sun-protective lip balms are also useful.
For skin on the body, arms and legs, apply warm sesame seed oil before bath, massaging it into the skin. Use a mild glycerine soap. Immediately after your bath, apply a body lotion while the skin is still damp. This helps to seal in moisture.
The author is international fame beauty expert and is called herbal queen of India