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School Education: Nagaland only above Arunachal in latest PGI grading

Nagaland News

DIMAPUR, NOVEMBER 3: Nagaland was among four States ~ with Manipur, Meghalaya and Uttarakhand ~ to be grouped in Level-VI (with scores of 701-750) in the latest Performance Grading Index (PGI) for States/UTs released by the Department of School Education and Literacy, Union Ministry of Education, on Thursday.
According to the Ministry, the PGI is a unique index for evidence-based comprehensive analysis of school education system across States/UTs. The Index has 10 levels.
In the latest index, PGI 2020-21, none of the States made it to Level-I. There were 7 States and UTs ~ Kerala, Punjab, Chandigarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh ~ in Level-II (score 901-950) as compared to none in 2017-18.
Twelve States/UTs were in Level-III with scores between 851 and 900; six States/UTs in Level-IV (score 801-850); six more States in Level-V (score 751-800), four States in Level-VI; and one State viz., Arunachal Pradesh was ranked lowest in Level-VII (score 651-700). There were no entries in Level-VIII, IX and X too.
A total of 27 States and UTs registered improvement in their total PGI score in 2020-21 as compared to 2019-20.
The PGI scores are the aggregate score of five domains of educational attainment of States/UTs viz., Learning Outcomes, Access, Infrastructure & Facilities, Equity, and Governance Process.
In Learning Outcomes indicator, which mainly deals with the scores of students in Language and Mathematics in Standard 3, 5 and 8 of Government and aided schools, Nagaland scored 126 out of 180.
In Access ~ which relates to net enrolment ratio at elementary and secondary levels, retention rate at primary, elementary and secondary levels and transition rate from primary to upper-primary level and from upper-primary to secondary level ~ the State’s score was 55 out of 80.
In Infrastructure & Facilities, Nagaland scored 117 out of 150; in Equity, 210 out of 230; and in Governance Process, 220 out of 360. In the 2019-20 report, Nagaland was in Level-VII.
Inter-State disparity
According to the Index, the maximum and minimum scores obtained by States in 2020-21 were 928 and 669 respectively. “The deviation between the maximum and minimum scores obtained by States is 259 or 39 %, of the minimum points, indicating that State Arunachal Pradesh has to put more effort to reach the top slot.
“This disparity was 51% in 2017-18 indicating that PGI also helped to bridge the performance gap among States/UTs over the years which may be due to efforts of the Government such as Look East policy. The reduction in inter-State differential is also due to close monitoring of schemes through evidence-based PGI which might have helped both the performing and aspiring States and UTs to improve their performance”, it stated.
Size vis-à-vis performance
It also noted that the performance of a State/UT is often perceived to be linked to the size (geographical area) of the State/UT as it has bearing on several logistic, administrative and other issues. “However, size does not appear to be a determining factor in the performance of States and UTs in the field of school education as assessed by the PGI.
“Thus, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Kerala, and Chandigarh which are in Level-II, are ranked 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 20th, 23rd, and 35th respectively in terms of their geographical size among States/UTs. Similarly, the States which are in Level-VI and VII are ranked 14th (Arunachal Pradesh), 19th (Uttarakhand), 24th (Meghalaya), 25th (Manipur), and 27th (Nagaland) respectively in terms of geographical size”, it stated.
One of the objectives of PGI is to provide insight into the status of school education in States and UTs, including key levels that drive their performance and critical areas of performance. It seeks to pinpoint the gaps and helps States/UTs in prioritising the areas for intervention to ensure that the school education system is robust at every level.
On one hand, it aims to propel States & UTs towards undertaking multi-pronged intervention that will bring about optimal education outcomes; on the other hand, it motivates States and UTs to adopt the best practices followed by the top-performing States.
Till date, the Department of School Education & Literacy has released 3 PGI reports for States/UTs i.e. for the years 2017-18 to 2019-20.
A unique feature of the PGI evaluation is that it classifies States and UTs into grades/levels, as opposed to ranking.
“Grading allows several States and UTs to be considered at the same level, eliminates the phenomenon of one improving only at the cost of others, thereby casting a stigma of underperformance on the latter, though in effect, they may have maintained status quo or even performed better than earlier”, the Ministry stated.
(Page News Service)