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Nagaland SDG Vision 2030: Reduction of corruption and crime against women & children

Nagaland News

KOHIMA, AUGUST 30: Nagaland Government envisions to reduce crime against women and children to 2% and 0.16% per lakh population by 2030.
This is one of the 17 goals of the Nagaland SDG Vision 2030 document released by Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio recently in the State capital.


The goal is to have Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
The Government thereby envisions to reduce all forms of violence and violent deaths, as well as, ensure equal justice for all by 2030.
Quoting the report of the Nagaland Home Affairs Department, the Vision document maintained that a total of 1,802 cases registered both under IPC and various local and special laws in the State in 2019, only 86 cases pertaining to crime against women (about 4.7%).
For the same period, 50 cases pertain to crime against children, it said, adding that in 2019, 23 murder cases were reported.
Hence, the State Government is aiming to reduce the proportion of crime against women against total crime reported to 2% by 2030.


It also aims at bringing down the proportion of crime against children to 0.16% per 1,00,000 population and reduce number of murder cases and corruption significantly by 2030.
On the challenges faced by the Government, the document stated that more often than not, courts are burdened with long-pending cases that bring about greater inefficiencies in dispensing justice.
Citing lack of adequate community participation as another challenge, it said local communities can play a significant role in policing so as to encourage decentralisation, giving greater power to the common man.
Therefore, the Vision document proposed that fast-track courts and e-courts must be encouraged to enable speedy delivery of justice.
Alongside these measures, the Lok Adalat system must be further strengthened and made more efficient and para-legal volunteers (PLVs) must be well-equipped in order to improve justice delivery, it said.
The vision document maintained that the Government would focus on ensuring equal access to justice for all.


Nagaland Police plans to expand Police Ke Pathshala to all higher secondary schools and colleges in the State whereby police officers visit schools and give presentations, hold interactive sessions with students, conduct essay competitions, give out printed materials as well as invite teachers and students to get first-hand experience of how the Police Department functions.
The Vision document further outlined a 5-pronged approach towards achieving the target as follows:
Awareness Generation: Extending ‘Police Ke Pathshala’ programme to higher secondary education institutions and colleges as well as similarly, expanding the legal literacy programmes is essential. The latter has seen a major drop from 2017/2018 to 2018/2019 and this needs to be addressed since such programmes are essential in order to ensure greater knowledge among civilians on legal issues and institutional mechanisms to help them in case they require assistance. Nagaland already has two structured programmes in order to create awareness on promotion of justice for all and reduction of violence by enhancing safety measures. These must be leveraged to the fullest and expanded further to help achieve the larger target of reduction in crime rate among women, children and justice for all.


Strengthening the Machinery of Law Enforcement: In order to achieve the State level target of no intentional homicide, ending all forms of violence against children and reducing all forms of violence at large, the State will continue to invest in making the Police Force more robust. A first step has been taken by upgrading the STF and giving them specialised training and the e-patrol system for the police. These initiatives should continue and the focus must be on quick resolution of criminal cases and prosecution of offenders.
Participation of Women in Dispensing Justice and Ensuring Safety: Greater participation by women would help create greater positive impact by making the police and legal system more accessible for women. Recruiting more as well as having more women-run police stations would help in increasing their participation in the institutional system.
e-First Information Report (e-FIR): To introduce a digital platform like e-FIR to facilitate convenience, improve efficiency and provide easier access. This will enhance the accountability of the police personnel. The platform will be further integrated with other services such as payment of traffic fines, filing a lost report, checking complaint status, reporting of missing or stolen mobile phones, application for police clearance certificates and tenant/domestic help verification etc.
e-Courts Programme: An electronic court means a location in which matters of law are adjudicated upon in the presence of qualified judge(s) and which has a well-developed technical infrastructure. The e-courts project is about leveraging technology to enable courts to make justice delivery systems affordable and cost-effective. This would be beneficial for both improving the court processes and rendering citizen-centric services. The primary intention of e-courts is to make the justice delivery system affordable, transparent, speedy and accountable by limiting the paper filings. While the Gol is taking steps towards implementing this initiative across the country, the State must push for this change at the earliest as it will help in resource and cost efficiencies.


Ensuring justice, peace and strong institutions require multi-pronged approaches that run across the police force for ensuring greater safety and the legal system to ensure equal access to justice, the document maintained.
(Page News Service)

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