15,000 youth to replace migrant workers by next 10 to 15 years
KOHIMA, SEPTEMBER 6: With the highest unemployment rate in the country at 21.4%, Nagaland Government has plans to promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all by 2030.
This is one of the 17 goals of the Nagaland Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Vision 2030 released by Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio recently in the State capital. The goal is “Decent Work and Economic Growth”.
The Government’s vision is to ensure equal and equitable access to skill development for youth and promotion of entrepreneurs by 2030.
“The State’s major employment is Government jobs. Limited opportunities and a platform for employment in the private sector, industries and factories, etc. are the factors of high unemployment in the State”, states the vision document.
Hence, the Government targets increasing workforce participation rate for women and promote start-ups by women entrepreneurs in the State by 2030.
It also aims to increase the skilled labour force in the State while also covering all work-force by social security and welfare schemes, as well as increase the number of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in the State, it said.
The Government’s focus would be to conduct a skill certification programme for 25,000 beneficiaries currently engaged in the agriculture sector and 15,000 loin loom weavers.
It aspires to include more women in skill development through demand driven skilling intervention while also establish 4 new Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) in 4 districts under ‘Enhancing Skill Development Infrastructure for North Eastern States and Sikkim’.
The Government would also concentrate on enhancing the well-being of the workforce progressively and promote the safety and health, decent working conditions and improved quality of life of workers, besides enhancing employability through transformative labour law reforms, both legislative as well as governance.
The Government has identified 5 prime challenges to achieve the goal, which include Limited Training Centres, Poor Infrastructure, Low Industry Interface, Limited Awareness and High Unemployment Rate.
Nonetheless, in order to overcome the challenges, the Government has proposed:
Development of Human Resource to meet the rural/local demands: To provide skilling across multiple domains to generate multi-skilled handyman for every cluster of villages to meet the rural demands and to ensure that every cluster of villages is self-sufficient in terms of local human resources demands.
The community will be directly involved in identification of demands and mobilisation of youth, who can be skilled to adorn the role of multi-skilled handyman. Under this initiative, it has been planned to skill 200 youth as multi-skilled persons by skilling them across multiple jobs, it said.
Recruit, Train and Deploy Model: Engaging the industry directly to ensure outcome-driven skill development, the Recruit, Train and Deploy (RTD) model is proposed to flexibly cater to the requirements of the construction industry and assist the youth of the State to get employment. It is planned to engage the construction industry under this model to train 250 youth on industry relevant practices for livelihood opportunities.
School of Excellence (SOE): Setting up of the SOE in Nagaland on the grounds of World Skills India is to promote and groom young leaders and prepare them for the future. The SOE will provide training as per global standards. Under this model, it is proposed to identify and adopt a school and transform it to a World Skills India School of Excellence. The proposed SOE is planned to be set up as a collaborative effort between the State Government and the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) where the State Government will identify and adopt the school and NSDC will support in transforming it to a SOE.
Setting up of ITIs: In order to give access to skilling programmes through ITls, 4 new ITIs are proposed to be established including the aspirational district Kiphire under the Centrally- sponsored scheme, ‘Enhancing Skill Development Infrastructure for NE States and Sikkim’.
Nagaland Building and other Construction Workers (NBOCW) Bureau: Having realised that the construction sector is one of the most potential sectors for employment of youth in the State, the Department of Labour, Government of Nagaland, has proposed to construct a constructional workers bureau and train 15,000 youth by 2030 with an aim to replace the entire migrant workers by the next 10 to 15 years.
Livelihood Building through Tourism: Tourism contributes immensely to employment generation and livelihood building. Under the community-based initiatives of rural tourism, the following initiatives have been introduced and will be continued: Introduction of the Village Tourism Development Board which is responsible for engaging with local communities in order to enhance livelihoods and promote responsible tourism at the village level.
Training and workshops organised at the community level to enhance local participation. This includes community tour operations, cultural tourist activities, traditional cuisines and creativity in showcasing cultural music, dances, etc.
Income and Employment Generation through Sericulture Production: The thrust area of the silk sector includes greater emphasis on production and integration of value-added products diversification and quality silk goods for domestic sales and export. Growth in silk production will enhance income and employment generation activity in the State. In this regard, the Department of Sericulture has adopted the following strategy: Plantation and silkworm rearing, bringing more farmers and stakeholders for all varieties of silkworm to enhance production.
Strengthening and establishment of Silkworm Seed Multiplication Centres in all districts.
Establishment of spinning and reeling units, weaving, dying, product diversification, quality silk production for export and increased capacity utilisation with sophisticated designs and product mix with the use of latest technologies. Cocoon markets for buying and selling silk raw materials like cocoons and silk yarn.
Revised Minimum Wage Rate of the State: Minimum wage of Nagaland remains the lowest in the country. With the current scenario of the market and the persisting inflation rate, it is very difficult for a person or household to lead a decent and healthy life. A constructive relook into the State’s minimum wage rate would have a far-reaching positive impact on society and will raise the status of the local, grassroot-level workers and reaffirm the dignity of labour.
Livelihood Generation Through High Value Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: To harness the rich potential of bio-resources of the State, production of high value and low volume indigenous medicinal and aromatic plants which have economic potential will be encouraged in the state.
In this regard, the Nagaland Bio-Resource Mission has identified the following plans: Setting up of technology centres, in collaboration with the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise, Gol, for promotion of medicinal and aromatic plants through infrastructure development in Nagaland by 2023.
To set up herbal gardens in different agro-climatic zones, which will create a reliable seed source and gene bank.
Restoration of ecosystems in selected degraded lands, jhum fields and coal mining areas of the State, the vision document said.
(Page News Service)