Kohima, December 12: Nagaland is one of the most multi-hazard prone State because of which it plunges into a state of crisis due to natural calamity every year, said a top officer of Nagaland State Disaster Management Authority (NSDMA).
The climate induced disasters have been impacting directly in the developmental front, said OSD of NSDMA, Johnny Ruangmei while introducing Departmental Disaster Management Plan at a one-day orientation programme for nodal officers of disaster management from line department of Nagaland organized by NSDMA Home Department at ATI here on Wednesday.
He said that Nagaland faces various types of natural hazards like geological hazards (earthquake and landslide) as well as the hydrological hazards (flash floods, storms, hailstorms and cloudbursts); and climatologically hazards (droughts and forest fire).
In this, he said, assessing the economic impacts of disasters should be the priority of rational investment.
The State Government, he said, has been putting all efforts to contain the crisis, however it is beyond the coping capability of the State due to massive quantum of infrastructural damages in many locations.
Each department has its unique and specific role and responsibilities that must be the focus in their respective Disaster Management Plans, he said.
The OSD however was of the view that there are common principles and approaches that should be followed by all the departments in the preparation of their respective departmental DM plans, which include the plan must conform to the mandates of the Disaster Management Act; it must be anchored firmly with the State Disaster Management Rules; the plan must follow the guidelines issued by the National and State Disaster Management authorities and it must be built on the action points prescribed for the departments in the State Disaster Management.
Explaining the structure of departmental DM Plan, Ruangmei said the basic purpose is to provide guidance to all the agencies within the department to manage the risks of disasters before, during, and after disasters.
These include assessing the sectoral and departmental risks of disasters, mitigating the existing risks of disasters, preventing creation of new risks of disasters, presenting the status of its preparedness to perform its role and responsibilities as defined in the State DM Policy and State DM Plan, measures proposed for strengthening capacity-building and preparedness, he said.
The departments that do not usually have adequate budgetary allocations on risk mitigation may have to develop strategies for risk prevention and mitigation for short, medium and long term basis, he said.
In recent years Nagaland has experienced micro effect of climate change which is leading the State towards more vulnerable and hazardous zone, Ruangmei said, adding that the drastic changes in the annual rainfall have caused huge loss to the agro State economy.
Home Commissioner, Ramakrishnan delivering the keynote address said that NSDMA is preparing to set-up District Disaster Management Emergency Control Room in every district so that the line departments can have better coordination to respond to the disaster affected calls.
Secretary Home Rovilatuo Mor delivered the welcome address. (Page News Service)