Kohima, March 21: With a prevalence rate of 0.76%, third highest in the country, Nagaland has 22,878 people living with HIV (PLHIV) and AIDS till January this year.
The HIV adult prevalence rate of Nagaland is 0.76%, while Manipur has highest prevalence at 1.06% and Mizoram second at 0.79%, said NSACS Deputy Director (M&E and BSD), Dr Vezokholu Theyo during a sensitization and training program on HIV and AIDS for media personnel here today.
She said that the country as whole has 21.1 lakh PLHIV while nine states Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujurat, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Rajasthan accounts for 82% of PLHIV in India.
In Nagaland, which has a population of around 20 lakh, she said out 10,16,700 blood screened 22,878 have been found positive from January 1999 to January this year.
She said that 91% route of transmission in the State is through sexual behaviour, with highest prevalence of 41% between the age group of 25 to 34 years.
HIV prevalence among children below 14 years is 6%, 15-24 is 15%, 35-49 is 31% while above 50 is 7%.
The prevalence of HIV in the State has seen a declining trend with baseline of prevalence at 0.98% in 2007, she said.
Out of the positive people, she said, those registered for Anti Retroviral Therapy (ART) during the period is 16,713 while number of patients who started ART was 11,183. Altogether 1504 patients have died and those alive and continuing with the treatment are 7294 while 2385 left treatment in between, she informed.
A total of 1497 positive cases were detected in just 10 months (April 2017 to January 2018), she said.
Records provided by NSACS also reveal that from April 2006 to January 2018 Dimapur has the highest PLHIV at 9342 followed by Kohima at 3213. Longleng district has the least number of PLHIV at 92.
Fighting to curb the new cases of HIV and AIDS, she said NSACS through the 100% funding from the Central government and other agencies has established ART centres in 8 districts, link ART centres in 6 and Care and Support Centre in five. The remaining district without the facilities would also be covered within this year, she said.
NSACS in its effort to curb the further spread of the epidemic in the State is implementing 90-90-90, an ambitious treatment target to help end the AIDS epidemic supported by UNAIDS, Dr Theyo said the project aims that by 2020, 90% of all people living with HIV will know their HIV status; 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy and 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression by 2020.
Joint Director (IEC) NSACS, Metevino Sakhrie urged the media persons in the State to extend support to the department in creating awareness and educating the general populace on the prevention of HIV and AIDS.
Deputy Director (IEC) NSACS, Thejangunuo Theunuo said that efforts should be on creating awareness on the stigma and discrimination against PLHIV so that people will be able to come forward for blood test and know their status without hesitation.
(Page News Service)
Grim HIV/AIDS scenario in State
* 91% route of transmission through sexual behaviour
* HIV prevalence:
* Highest at 41% among 25-34 years
* Among children (below 14 yrs) is 6%
* 15-24 years is 15%
* 35-49 years is 31%
* Above 50 years is 7%
* 1504 patients have died of HIV/AIDS
* 1497 positive cases detected in 10 months (April 2017 to Jan 2018)