On this auspicious day of the 64th Nagaland Republic Day, let us give thanks to the Almighty God for sustaining our Nation up to this day. Today as the Naga Nation celebrates our republic, we recall the memories of the pioneer leaders and workers of our Nation building and their sacrifices. We salute them because for their splendid service and sacrifices Nagas are a nation today and their memory will remain in the annals of Naga National History.
On a historic national day such as this, it is required that the people look back to the history of their nation and people. Thus firstly, in the ancient time as beautifully described by A.Z.Phizo, father of the Naga Nation ‘the Naga people lived happy and contented in their own owned land where every village is a small republic’.
This happy life of the Nagas was disturbed by the intrusion of the British when they intruded into Nagaland in 1832 and were consequently permitted to stay in some parts of our land through verbal agreement in 1880 after intermittent warfare for 48 years. Even by the time of the British leaving Nagaland, Nagas refused the British offer of a Reformed Scheme and went on to writing the memorandum to the Simon Commission in 1929 stating clearly to remain as before – that is before the British came over to Nagaland.
When evidently India was to be given independence, Naga Leaders led by A.Z. Phizo went to India and met most of Indian leaders of that time including Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Indian Nation, in order to built good neighbourly relationship between India and Nagaland. And with mutual understanding between each other, Nagas declared their Independence on August 14, 1947.
The Naga National Council NNC conducted the Naga Voluntary Plebiscite on May 16, 1951 where 99.9% voted to remain independent. This action resulted in completely disproving the notion and propaganda of those Indian leaders who said that independence was held by only a few educated Nagas.
India, rather than giving rational consideration on the stand of Nagas asserted power of its might to intimidate the Nagas by force which started in 1954. By 1956 Naga youths volunteered to defend their country. They organised themselves as ‘Safe Guard’ and after some time it was changed again as ‘Home Guard’.
The situation prompted Nagas to set up their own Government and thus the Federal Government of Nagaland (FGN) was established on 22nd March 1956 at Parashen in Rengma Region under the Yehzabo of Nagaland. Thus we are celebrating the 64th Nagaland Republic Day today.
After India got its Independence; unfortunately for Nagas, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated and with that India began to invade Nagaland claiming to have inherited Nagaland from the British. India poured overwhelming number of its armed forces into Nagaland by 1955 and started killing our people young and old, men and women even children, they tortured and raped our women, burned our villages and herded our people into concentration camps built by our people on forced labour. Many died of starvation. But our people were not subdued.
Then the policy changed to the use of money. India made the so-called 16 point agreement with a few of its servants and fresh educated young Nagas to form a puppet State Government in Nagaland in order to internalise its naked aggression on Nagaland to save its face in front of the world.
Again in order to wipe out the Naga National Council and the Federal Government of Nagaland and knowing Th. Muivah’s lust for power and money, India gave necessary backing in his design to overthrow the established institution and historical basis of the Nagas. Thus India in connivance with renegades had killed many good leaders and innocent Naga lives for 39 years. They started the stage-managed so-called talk and have continued for the past 22 years which will not end because there is no head or tail in the talks.
As for the matter between India and Nagaland, it is India’s aggression over Nagaland. And sooner or later India must withdraw her occupational forces from Nagaland. The sooner this is done the better it will be for India.
On our part, the Federal Government of Nagaland upholds the Ceasefire Agreement made with the Government of India which was signed between the two Governments in 1964 with the aim and purpose to find an honourable solution for both the parties concerned within the spirit of the ceasefire agreement.
May God bless Nagaland.
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