Job drought


There is no second opinion that we are facing unemployment problems among the highly qualified youth in the State. In recent years, we have seen and read about post graduates and graduates applying for fourth grade jobs in the Government. There are even reports of some PhDs applying for 4th grade jobs in the State. It is indeed a sign of desperation. Nobody in this world likes an inferior position. It is quite a common sense that rising unemployment problems and circumstances force such individuals to take up low-ranking jobs. And it is not happening here only, over the years, reports have regularly appeared about people with PhDs, MBAs, Post and Engineering graduates applying for low-class jobs. Just a year back 255 doctorates where among the 23 lakh people who had applied for 368 posts of peons in UP. It has happened in Madhya Pradesh and continuing all around in other states. The whole India is presently grappling under the rising unemployment problems. Then, we should also check the universities from where these people have obtained the degrees and verify what they have contributed. No one from a good university or with a good research work would apply for such jobs. There is massive rot in the Indian education system. Almost anyone can buy a PhD, Bed/Med, graduation or post graduation degree, but it is very difficult to buy a peon’s job in Government. The question now arises about the quality of PhDs and higher education standards in India. Does our higher education lack innovation? At a conference on higher education last year MHRD minister Prakash Javadekar said that “If PhD students are applying for sweepers’ jobs, we have not taught (them) anything”. The statement has a substance. The universities are there to create new knowledge, ideas, programmes and develop new mindsets, to build a healthy society. A PhD means an addition to the existing knowledge and we have brought it to a level where we need to give it a new interpretation. If these scholars themselves are at sea what can they give to the society? It is true that every year high number of PhDs with low quality research work appear to grab jobs in universities and colleges. Then, over the period of time the college and university teachers were required to conduct research for promotions and increments as per UGC regulations and that has not lead to some high standard research work, tempting every Tom, Dick and Harry to indulge in the field to obtain handsome teaching jobs in colleges and universities. The degrees awarded through distance mode education are weak and suspicious, have also added to the woes. The lack of jobs is one aspect and running after Government jobs is another. Particularly, in this part of the world where we don’t have industries and most of the time turmoil badly affects the business, the only option left is creating fascination for Government jobs. Indeed, Government jobs have several attractions like the job security, absence of accountability and needs no skills. Many people with degrees believe that Government job is a tension-free life. Its dependence has created a psyche of lifelong social security in our minds. Our labour market and artisanry has already been taken over by outsiders. When we are able to provide employment to such a huge number of outsiders, why is there such an unemployment problem here? We are unable to perform these jobs ourselves to alleviate the unemployment to some extent. The herd mentality of running after one profession or psyche of being secured in Government jobs has to change. The modern economy offers a myriad of white collar job opportunities that did not exist earlier. Over the years the surge in population growth has created survival problems. We have exploited things in every possible measure and developed methods to obtain things in short-cut ways. We have failed to improve the quality of education, incorporate skills and entrepreneur trainings to create meaningful jobs for our qualified youth. Then, we are not fairly treating our highly qualified youth. Those employed on contract in the higher education are given monthly salaries which is lower than a 4th grade employees’ pay. We have seen illiterate people getting engaged as casual labourers and later regularized and promoted. It is high time that the Government launch a scheme to rehabilitate the highly qualified youth.