Dimapur, August 10: Kohima Law College observed International Day of the World’s Indigenous People on August 9 on the theme ‘Indigenous Languages’.
Addressing the law students Professor-in-charge (BCI) Kezhokhoto Savi said that indigenous peoples are groups historically associated with a specific territory. Most of them have preserved traditional ways of living. A variety of names are used in various countries to identify such groups of people, but they generally are regarded as the “original inhabitants” of a territory or region, he said.
He said the right of indigenous people to education is protected by the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which in Article 14 states that “indigenous peoples have the right to establish and control their educational systems and institutions providing education in their own languages, in a manner appropriate to their cultural methods of teaching and learning”.
The day aims to raise public awareness of the achievements and contributions of indigenous people to the improvement of world issues and also focuses on the promotion and protection of the indigenous rights, such as the right to preserve their land and cultural heritage.
In regard to the rights of Naga indigenous inhabitants of Nagaland as indigenous people, Article 371A of the Constitution of India is to be considered as a special right where it provides a provision to protect the Naga people of Nagaland from their own way of life, its land and resources, he said.
Savi said the original inhabitants of the Nagas in Nagaland must seriously consider the proposed RIIN which should not affects the rights of the Naga indigenous inhabitants of Nagaland and it is very important to take it as a very serious measures not to register the same to others. The date line of the year of settlement should never qualify a non-indigenous/non-local for the proposed RIIN. Every citizen has its own origin and he/she is the indigenous of that origin or ancestral land and therefore, any citizen come to settled in another land temporarily/permanently may not claim the title of ‘Indigenous’ as she/he continually holds ‘indigenous’ of her/his original land, he said.
He urged the village councils, town wards/colony leaders and the issuing authority has to take all precaution so as not to issue the said certificate to others.
Savi said the practice of adoption is to be discouraged amongst the indigenous people of Nagas in Nagaland especially adopting a non-indigenous person or child. And in this regard the adopted non-indigenous Naga would not have the right to own the land as the Article 371 A of Indian Constitution provided that only the Naga indigenous inhabitants of Nagaland can only own land.
Closing remarked was done by Principal Visevonuo Pienyu.
Dimapur: With a view to preserve and promote mother tongue, the International Day of World’s Indigenous People under the theme ‘Indigenous Languages’ was observed at Elim Hall, Dimapur Ao Baptist Arogo, on August 9, organized by Tir Yimyim, Ao vernacular daily newspaper.
Founder & Editor, Tir Yimyim, K Temjen Jamir while giving the significance of the day said that more than 6000 languages in the world are on the verge of getting extinct and to safeguard the loss of those indigenous languages the UN has designated 2019 to be the year of indigenous languages. He said that International Day of World’s Indigenous Peoples is observed on August 9 every year, marking the day of the first meeting of the UN working group on indigenous people on promotion and protection of human rights in 1982.
Rev C Walu Walling, who spoke on the topic ‘Yashi, tanu aser asung Ao oshi jenjang’ stated that the identity and foundation of a nation is the language. He said that the first Christian missionary Rev Dr EW Clark developed the Ao dialect into a language by introducing the Roman script and further compiled an Ao Naga dictionary in 1911. Since then several initiatives have been taken up at different levels to promote and preserve the same though it was not always a smooth journey, the Ao language is now in a position to introduce in university level.
He also informed the gathering about the process of starting ‘Jungliyimti Academy’ which has been put up to Ao Senden for approval. If become a reality, he said, the academy would help many scholars and also help preserve and protect the Ao language.
Language officer, Department of Education, Takowati said if ASLB put in place a proper dictionary there won’t be any problem in future. He spoke about the importance of healthy relationship between ASLB and the language section in the department and fair recommendation of candidate for language teacher to make sure that the younger generation are in good hands.
Secretary, Ao-Senden Literature Board, I.Temjen Tsudir highlighted the various steps taken up by different organizations to promote Ao language. President Ao Senso Telongjem Dimapur, L Wati Jamir also exhorted the gathering.
(Page News Service)