Insecure Aadhar


Despite earnest confession by the NDA-government that there has been leakage of Unique Identity (UID) data collected by the centre and stored in digital format, its elements are still in denial mode over its security. In fact, the confession that there has been some breach puts a big question mark on the claims of that entire data bank has been safe. It is only during the past one week that the Supreme Court of India has questioned whether the data leaked from the Indian computer servers could be used for influencing the General Elections in 2019. So far, there has been no satisfactory reply from the government. This question gains prominence after apprehensions have been expressed in United States of America over the use and abuse of data of Facebook users by company. In fact, as it has been pointed out time and again, making of Aadhar mandatory for getting a date of birth certificate for newly born children by Haryana government, amounts to surveillance of citizens from cradle to grave. This is in itself an intrusion in the privacy of the citizens and goes against the right to personal liberty guaranteed by the Constitution of India besides continued tracking of the citizens irrespective of their age and sex when Aadhar is linked to bus and train ticket reservations. Moreover, the contention of the centre that there have been stray incidents of data leakage from the states and some departments of the government where they could not guard against hacking by trained hackers collecting data from individual and serial data servers across the world. The hackers have again and again given a jolt to the security concerns of the people around the world by hacking the servers of not only Indian government but also other data servers of advanced countries making it amply clear no data is safe anywhere and anytime on the planet. The recent incidents of hacking of computers connected with the elections process of US president and in some poll processes in Europe by Russian experts have also brought to the fore the point that all data servers are at risk of hacking. Even the elections results can also be tampered with and go against the popular vote of the citizens in any country in the world. Some hackers have also proved beyond any point that data servers in India face risk of hacking when they broke into the computers of the Ministry of Defence in India and posted objectionable slogans on their screens. It took the Indian managers at National Informatics Centre (NIC) days and weeks together to remove the malware and restore their normal working. In the first instance, those opposing digital collection of data and its storage in computer servers by NDA-government have a point that this data was posing a serious challenge to the privacy of the citizens. Besides, they also have a point that such data available on servers can be easily subjected to hacking and stealing by unscrupulous persons in the world. Similar data can also be used by hackers within and outside the country to steal the money from banks of the people, who may not even come to know of such malfunctioning of the computers. This is particularly significant for the reasons that majority of the people in India do not have an access to Internet network and cannot even access the data about them at any stage. So it is also quite clear that majority of citizens in the country are dependent on third party for getting even their Aadhar card and such a practice is always at the risk of hacking by the unknown and unscrupulous operators in the market. The point is that Aadhar is a scheme where the degree of invasion is extremely high and protection much low. It shows the sinisterness of the government action as people don’t want their life tracked and monitored 24×7 as it would be a tremendous compromise on civil liberties in democratic country.