Last updated on: April 27, 2019 at 11:36 pm IST
Wants Intl community to hold GoI accountable if talks break
Dimapur, April 27: The Naga People’s Movement for Human Rights (NPMHR) has stated that the Indo-Naga issue has reached the finest moment for a political settlement that will recognize the rights of the Nagas as a distinct people, if Government of India is sincere and committed.
It only requires a political will now on the part of GoI, the rights body said.
Speaking at the 18th session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues at the UN HQs in New York being held from April 22 to May 3, NPMHR secretary general, Neingulo Krome explained that the Government of India is now in ceasefire with almost all Naga Political Groups thus creating conducive atmosphere for arriving at a political settlement.
The NPMHR, however, also expressed apprehension of the peace talks breaking leading to abrogation of the ceasefire by the Government of India, taking into consideration past history.
Neingulo recalled that the GoI entered into the first ceasefire agreement with leaders of the Naga national movement in 1964, which the GoI unilaterally broke off after 8 years and hell was let loose on the Naga people. “But Nagas stood their ground for their rights, and re-vigorously continued to resist the Indian military occupation for decades, to rather die in dignity than to live in humiliation.
He informed that after various instruments of the UN, Amnesty International and others started raising questions on the human rights situation in Nagaland with some of India’s own top army generals admitting that military solution was not possible the GoI entered into the 2nd ceasefire on 1st August 1997 with political negotiations that have addressed every substantial issues during the last 22 years.
The NPMHR, therefore, wanted the United Nations and the international community to hold the Government of India accountable if the talks break and ceasefires are abrogated for its insincerity and for habitually going back on its own words time and time again.
Neingulo also narrated that 90 years ago, Nagas have made their position very clear to the then Simon Commission of British India that “We cannot be thrust to the mercy of those who could never subjugate us but leave us alone to determine for ourselves as in ancient times.”
“Till today, Nagas are upholding this legacy and we celebrated the same on the 31st of October 2018, marking the 100th year of Naga Club which was formed at the end of the 1st World War in 1918 and who made this submission in a memorandum to the Simon Commission in 1929,” he told the UNPF on Indigenous Issues.
Informing that 72 years ago, Naga declared their Independence on the 14th of August 1947 when Britishers left the Indian sub-continent, just one day before India too declared her independence, Neingulo said by early 1950s, Government of India started sending military troops to Nagaland when Naga refused to join the Union of India by conducting Plebiscite on May 16, 1951 where 99.99% voted for an independent Nagaland, which was followed by 100% boycott of the first Indian Parliament Election in 1952.
He stated that thereafter acts of genocides were committed on the Naga people through all kinds of gross human rights violation and military atrocities.
And in order to give unlimited powers to those military personals operating in Nagaland with full impunity, Government of India enacted various draconian laws, including the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act of 1958, which gives sweeping powers to “Shoot and Kill” any persons which the United Nations is well aware of, he said.
This Act is still in force today, in the midst of ceasefire agreements and political talks, he added. (Page News Service)