Human Rights are the liberties enjoyed by every person in ordinary words. It is not only protection of one’s life from abuse but also applies to peaceful existence of life and its various benefits without obstruction. Human rights was recognized in the UN Charter with the Universal declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Besides that the International Covenant incorporated in 1966 on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and several other International as well as Regional Declarations and Conventions. Though complex; economic development of Human/Person became the subject which is inextricably linked with Human Rights and requires protection under the Rule of Law. It also included the environment of the planet which provides food and unseen benefits for the existence of healthy human growth and life existence. However the unseen benefits contributed to the planet for the Human survival was forgotten with the rapid advancement of technology. This was viewed very seriously since it has brought about climate change and the exponents have predicted that if the large scale destruction of the nature continues unchecked in such a manner then the ecosystem will collapse by 2050. This observation was published in “ The Hindu” on October 26th 2006, New Delhi.
The realization of sustainable development depends upon a number of factors and requires a range of legislative, administrative and good governance. The notion of good governance links between Governance and suitable development for the human welfare which requires a great deal to be implemented but has been overshadowed. Sustainable development means progressive change in the quality of Human beings by eradicating poverty through development by economic growth with social equity in transforming for local, regional and national level with full participation of people in peaceful coexistence and in harmony without prejudice ensuring quality of life.
The concept of Human Rights has been invoked before National Courts and Tribunal around the world. The Indian Supreme Court has not only recognized but also applied the concept and status of fundamental rights of Article 21 (right to life and personal liberty) of the Constitution of India.
The UN Human Rights commission in a resolution 2003 /71 of (25th April 2003) while recognizing the interdependent of sustainable development and Human Rights reaffirmed that peace, security, stability and respect for Human Rights and fundamental freedom are essential for achieving sustainable development. To implement this good governance it is essential to the realization of Human Rights.
The absence of the Rule of Law causes violence, extortion and intimidation which causes large burden to the people. Insensitive, indifferent, unaccountable and corrupt bureaucracy makes it very difficult for the poor people to take advantages of new economic opportunities. Good Governance on the other hand contributes to poverty eradication and promotes sustainable development which benefits the masses.
IHRC, (Indian National Board ) is a registered organization with United Nations Human Rights Council, with Special Status under Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). It was registered on 25th July 2017 with its National Head Office at 154, Raj chambers, Alibhai Premji Marg, Grant Road, Mumbai-400007,India, and the International Head Office based at 1016 West Hollywood Eve, Apt #202, Chicago, Illinois-60660. U SA. It was founded by Dr. Sunny Shah, the founder President and Mr. Kamal Raj Chetry as the National General Secretary of the Indian Foundation Board. It functions as a watchdog for securing the peaceful existence and liberty of life without any abuse, barbaric or arbitrary use of force and discrimination, on human life.
International Human Rights Council deal on atrocities against women such as abduction, dowry death or attempt, dowry demand, exploitation, eve-teasing, gang rape, indignity, immoral trafficking, mental harassment at workplace, prostitution, sexual harassment. On weaker sections, it deals with atrocities, discrimination, exploitation, poverty and unemployment. Violation of right to maintenance and insecurity to the senior citizens, discrimination, violation of right to asylum/shelter, violation of right to dignity to the refugees. Atrocities, cruelty, death in custody, degrading and inhuman treatment, denial of religious and cultural rights, deprivation of legal aids, disappearances, discrimination, harassment , rape in custody, torture, unnecessary hand cuffing of prisoners/inmates/under trials. Genocide and violence on minorities, bonded labor, discrimination, exploitation, forced labor, violation of right to dignity, discrimination, displacement, poverty, unemployment, violation of right to self determination, violation of right to development, violation of right to practice culture for the Indigenous people. On health sector, it deals in denial to give medical treatment, exploitation of the mentally retarded persons, and lack of facilities in hospitals, malnutrition, medical negligence, public health hazards, and unethical medical practice. On environment it deals on all types of pollution, air, water, noise-biodiversity, hazardous substances, and nuisance. On disabled people such as denial of legitimate benefits, discrimination, denial of proper care, exclusion, inadequate facilities, unemployment. On citizens it deals with violation of right to vote, violation of right of globalization, violation of right to information, violation of right to development, violation of freedom of association, violation of freedom of expression, terrorism-unlawful eviction, social rights-civil rights, social order-social justice, poverty-violence, human security, illegal trafficking of drugs and persons. It also deals with the people infected by HIV/AIDS, denial of medical treatment, discrimination, degrading treatment, violation of right to privacy, excommunication and neglect, exclusion. On administration of justice, abuse of power, arbitrary detention, cruel, inhuman degrading treatment, custodial care, disappearance, and torture.
India being a party for both the covenants, the President of India promulgated the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance in 1993 under Article 123 of the Constitution of India on 28th September 1993 to provide for constitution of a National Human Rights Commission, States Human Rights Commission in the states and Human Rights Courts for better protection of Human Rights and for matters connected therewith or incident thereto. To replace this ordinance the Protection of Human Rights Bill 1993 was passed by both the houses of parliament, received an assent of the President on 8th Jan,1994 and became the Protection of Human Rights Act,1993 (10th of 1994). The Central Government constitutes a body to be known as National Human Rights Commission to exercise the powers conferred upon and to perform their functions assigned to it under this act by appointing commission members.
Human Rights Courts are constituted for the purpose of providing speedy trial for offences arising out of violation of Human Rights. The state Government may with the concurrences of Chief Justice of High Court by notification specify for each District a Court of session to be Human Rights Courts to try the said offences.
National Legal Advisor
Indian National Board (IHRC)
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