Dimapur, March 23: The Annual Status of Education Report 2017 (ASER 2017), Nagaland Chapter, was released by the Governor of Nagaland and Rector Nagaland University, PB Acharya, on March 21 at Raj Bhavan, Kohima.
ASER 2017: ‘Beyond Basics’, Nagaland Chapter, was carried out in partnership with Education Department, Nagaland University.
For the first time, since 2005, ASER focused on 14 to 18 year olds who have moved just beyond the elementary school age. Kohima district was one of the 28 districts assessed from 24 states of the country.
Looking at 14-18 year olds, the 2017 ASER report has made an attempt to look ‘beyond basics’, to explore a wider set of domains, and the preparedness of this age group in applying their literacy and numeracy skills to real world situations. Four domains were considered – activity, ability, awareness and aspirations. Besides recording enrollment and learning levels, varied tasks like telling time, purchase decisions, weights and assessments of digital, financial access were applied.
Data highlights for Kohima district show higher enrolment than all districts, with only 8% youth not enrolled anywhere, as to 14% not enrolled, for all districts. However, in Kohima only 63% of all youth (enrolled and not enrolled) had completed 8 years of schooling as to 81% for all districts. In Kohima 77% could read fluently but only 46% could read and follow written instructions; all districts – 75% could read fluently and 54% read and follow written instructions. Kohima – 86% could tell time on simple clock face, 49% could tell hours and minutes; all districts – 83% and 59% in the same categories. For a question about a T shirt at 10% discount, in Kohima – 20% answered correctly, all district 38%. Kohima – 78% could name their own state; all districts 79%. Kohima 50% had bank accounts while 23% have deposited or withdrawn money from the bank; all districts 78% and 51% in the same categories. However in Kohima 15% had used ATM while all districts it was 16%.
Data also showed that whether enrolled or not, in Kohima 27% worked (including regular chores, farming) while for all districts it was 42%. Vocational training in Kohima was 2.4%; all districts 5%. Kohima – 51% have never used a computer; all districts 56%. Kohima – 59% have never used the internet; all districts – 61%.
ASER 2017 reflects that many young people who have completed 8 years of schooling have difficulty applying their literacy and numeracy skills to real world situations. Overall patterns indicate that while basic foundational skills like reading and arithmetic are very helpful for daily tasks and common calculations, not everyone who has these foundational skills can correctly complete these everyday tasks. Data also show that females perform worse than males on almost all tasks.
Since 2005, ASER Centre, the research unit of Pratham, has focused on children aged 5 -16, reporting on schooling status and the ability to do basic reading and arithmetic tasks. This annual survey covers nearly every state and rural district in the country. Year after year, ASER has highlighted the fact that although almost all children are enrolled in school, many are not acquiring foundational skills like reading and basic arithmetic that can help them progress in school and life.
ASER 2017 findings suggest that we must ensure that our young people reach adulthood with knowledge, skills, and opportunities so that India’s much awaited ‘demographic dividend’ materializes. Serious & immediate rethinking about this age group is urgently needed. ASER 2017 is an attempt to shine a spotlight on this serious situation.
For more details visit asercentre.org or email email@example.com.
(Page News Service)