Wednesday, March 22, 2023

Employment issue

In Nagaland government job is the first priority for a majority of educated youth but unfortunately, these jobs are scarce. The private sector lacks big investments. It leaves youngsters often in a quandary about what to do, how to earn their livelihood, plan their future, etc. This is a huge crisis facing us today. Over the years, politicians have been telling us that a reassuring political consensus is emerging for the state’s viable economic-roadmap. But little has changed and our state has not gone beyond its excessive reliance for its economic and financial needs on the Centre, centrally sponsored schemes and the tax collection. With general election nearing, politicians of all shades will again spin rhetoric and tell us about endeavour to work out an investment based employment policy. Now it is difficult to decipher the import of such remarks without knowing the broad contours of what their investment plan are. Words like ‘sustainable economy’ and ‘investment based employment policy’ that are parried around regularly can sound exciting but remain a case of building castles in the air. It is not known what has been the assessment of the economic and unemployment distress within the state or its sagging economy and what rabbit the political parties wishes to pull out of its magic hat as a remedy to all these issues. However, simply going by the history of a ravaged economic structure of the state and its increasing dependence on central funds, which have become more a political tool to flaunt than to deliver relief to the people on the ground, in all probability this appears to be a case of hollow words. There is need first of all for realism and acknowledging that our stagnant economy has gone beyond the distress point. Any other way of describing it is nothing but pure jugglery of figures. There is nothing celebratory about what semblance of growth statistician shows as the expenditure increase does not necessarily project productive growth, which actually remains missing. Here the actual expenditure is primarily accounted for by the service sector where most of the state’s budget is focused to feed the huge sector of government employees. Employment schemes are more rooted in this already over-burdened government sector while two vital sectors – agriculture and industry – that can ensure productive growth and can generate employment, are totally ignored. In fact the neglect of the vital agricultural sector has not only led to low outputs but also contributed to food inflation and hampering of the ecosystem with conversions of vast tracts of agricultural land to commercial land. The industrial sector of the economy, however miniscule it is, remains bogged down by inefficient delivery system, bureaucratic hurdles and the inability to link industrial growth to the local resources of the state. Discouragement to this end has sagged the morale of the industry, though a robust industrial plan could not only ensure sustainable economy but also ensure employment. Instead of the industrial sector registering growth, it has ended up in enhancing the levels of joblessness, especially after the pandemic. Key other areas that can generate employment, where political, geographical and topographical complexities must inspire out of the box thinking, are also not given due importance. A successful model could have been government initiative to set up new co-operative ventures and make the existing ones viable. Instead, existing co-operative structures and public sector under-takings are being destroyed and superseded. Handicrafts are not being promoted by creating markets and boosting exports. Instead of generating employment, this sector too is mostly dying and many artisans pushed to a life of penury. Another viable means to boost our economy is tourism, but it remains poorly planned. While political instability and the unresolved Naga issue destabilizes the number of tourists from time to time, poor infrastructure and inability to bring some potential areas on the tourism map or ensure dispersal of tourists both horizontally and vertically. Indeed sustainable employment generation cannot be expected without focusing on these key sectors.