The word election is mysterious in its own right, esoteric. If we consider the word literally, then it makes sense to choose. Election, that is choosing your choice of mind. There is no pressure in the election process. But nowadays, the meaning of elections is more than politics. Elections are held on the day of arrival in the country. Whether it is Panchayat or Zilla Parishad, Legislatures of states and members of Parliament – the election movement continues. Decades ago, elections were seen as a national celebration. But nowadays the election has started to appear as an arena of politics or a market of rivalry.
Elections are held under the purview of the Constitution of Bharat. The constitution is a written document, which defines fundamental political principles establishing the structure, processes, powers and duties of government. It limits the power of government to prevent exploitation and guarantee some rights of the people. The term constitution can be applied to any overall law that defines the functioning of government. Dr. B.R. Ambedakar drafting committee was set up by the Constituent Assembly on 29 August 1947 to prepare the Bharatiya Constitution under the chairmanship of Ambedkar . There were 165 days periods took nearly three years to eleven session constitution drafting. The Constitution of Bharat draws heavily from Western legal traditions in the framework of the principles of liberal democracy, with a lower and upper house of the British parliamentary pattern as follows. It is a symbol of some fundamental rights, which are similar to the bill announced by the United States Constitution. This confirms the acceptance of references from the United States to the Supreme Court concept. British Government of Bharat Act , 1935, the same as the basic governing document of the country independent Government Contracts facility has not accepted back restored the empire and then the Constitution became the Republic of the Dominion of Bharat. To ensure constitutional autonomy, its framers repealed the earlier laws of the British Parliament by implementing Article 395 of the Indian Constitution. But the nature of the constitution remained the same.
All elections or to hold up the electoral roll for the elections and all those superintending the conduct of elections,direction and control of the Election Commission would, it was ensured . Election Commission the Chief Election Commissioner and such number of other Election Commissioners, if any, as the President may from time to set the time, shall consist of the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners appointed, subject to the provisions made went method in this behalf by Parliament while, to be made by the President. Babasaheb Ambedkar stated in the Constituent Assembly on June 15, 1949 that “the entire electoral machinery should be in the hands of a Central Election Commission , which would be entitled to issue instructions to returning officers, polling officers and others. “Part 15 of the Constitution of Bharat explains the election from Article 324 to Article 329. Article 324 states the superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in the Election Commission. The Constitution has given the Election Commission the responsibility of conducting elections in Article 324 itself. Mohinder Singh Gill vs. Chief Electoral The Supreme Court ruled in the Commission case is that the Commission reimburse the laws made by Parliament as the Constitution creator can there, where the law in a situation arising during the conduct of election in a large democracy like Bharat. No adequate provision has been made in relation to this. Using these powers, the Commission implements the Model Code of Conduct. Article 324 provides protection to the Election Commission, but does not allow it to become law itself. The Election Commission is responsible for conducting the election work in Bharat in an impartial manner. It implements the Model Code of Conduct for political parties in every election so that the dignity of democracy is maintained.
The electoral process and inhumanity of the present West Bengal is repeatedly indicating whether the dignity of democracy will be maintained. Bharat is independent. The citizen of Bharat is independent. There are fundamental rights of the citizen – the right to speak, a right to do. Presently, it is seen that under the guise of fundamental rights, the rules and laws mentioned in the Articles of the Constitution are not just ordinary citizens, if they are government officials holding constitutional posts or politicians are leaving no stone unturned. Opponents are taking the place of enmity. Abuses are becoming common in public meetings. The scene of modern Mahabharata looks frightening. Do not those who cry for the protection of democracy from this flow of politics see the demise of democracy? Brother, human humanity ah’s friend.
Today, the time seems to be deeply contemplated and contemplated by this ugly and frightening form of the electoral process. The Constitution of Bharat and its nature should be discussed. Eligibility for nomination in politics should also be considered. It has become very important to consider the process of campaigning in the election process as well. The citizen of Bharat is also a human. If the humanness of the human being gets fragmented, then is there any justification for the fundamental right conferred on the constitution to a citizen? Protection and Promotion of democracy there is a need to consider the nature of the current democracy within the scope the nature of people.
We have to defend our democracy by stepping out of the purview of political rancour. We have to get out of the realm of mutual political enmity. Being free from each other is the protection of democracy. Then democracy will be stronger in the atmosphere of love, harmony and peace.
Pankaj Sinha , Dimapur
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