Dimapur, December 3: Art & Culture Department presented cultural extravaganza at Hornbill Festival Kisama from different tribes of Nagaland on Monday. Member Secretary, Indira Gandhi National University Centre for Arts (IGNUCA), Dr Sachindanand Joshi was the chief guest, with Advisor , Rural Development, Dr Nicky Kire and Advisor F&ES, SIRD, R&R Phowang Konyak as the host for the event.
Dr Sachindanand said Hornbill Festival showcases the talent and creativity of the Nagas which adds to the rich cultural heritage of the Indian civilization. Explaining that IGNUCA documents, preserves and conserve the various arts of the country and Indian origin across the world, Joshi expressed his happiness on being associated with the Hornbill Festival and hoped that IGNUCA association with the state will further be strengthened in years to come.
The cultural programme began with the first Phita dance by the Angami tribe, a warrior dance performed by man folk. However with the changing of times, women also perform alongside men. Phita is performed during Kida Ki Nyi (friendship rituals) where friendly villages host each others. Observing these rituals assures that friendly village’s stand with each other in good and bad times. Phita is also performed during Sokienyi (harvest festival) where male members perform rituals to cleanse their body and spirit.
Hornbill dance performed by the Ao tribe honouring the grand hornbill bird which is regarded as a symbol of valour, faithfulness and noble disposition, much admired for its majestic movements and instinctive alertness. The dance imitate the footsteps of the bird as it feasts leisurely on top of the tree with pride, hoping from one branch to the other selecting and feasting on their choicest fruits.
Kubo Lichi Kemhou Ketsu (blowing of traditional trumpet) is a cultural item performed by the Chakasang tribe. The trumpet is blown signaling that the newly harvested food items are ready for consumption and the time for festivities had arrived.
The Chang tribe also demonstrated Tongten Senbu (pulling of traditional log drum) as log drums during the time of our forefathers was regarded as the most integral part of the morung and also used for sounding victory during war, natural calamities and even to announce the death of a person. The tree for the log drum is carefully selected through rituals and giving particular names that is to be called after identifying weather it is male or female. The villagers would sing folk songs while pulling the log drum.
The Wangla dance is performed by the Garo tribe during the Wangla festival which is a post- harvest festival. The gestures and movements of the dancers reflect the effort of rice plantation and harvesting. This was followed by an emotional folk song by the Khaimniungan troupe called Ho-E Tsu which is sung during “shai”, a feast organised by a rich man. They sing for abundant blessings to be bestowed upon the host for the good of the people.
The Konyak troupe performed Leaphet, bamboo dance which is characterised by the use of bamboo staves, kept in cross horizontal forms on the ground. This dance is a part of physical training imparted to the youngsters.
The EkhyoShari dance, the victory dance was presented by the Lotha Troupe. This dance signifies the feat of bravery and courage and the head hunters were greatly honoured. Also, the warriors received marriage proposals as every family considered it an honour to be associated with a warrior. All villagers participated in the dance.
Naü-ü Asho, lullaby of the babysitters was performed by the Phom troupe. This song is a dedication for the unfailing love of the mothers towards their children, and represented the bond that binds humanity.
Pochury cultural troupe performed folk dance Athso Theserie, in which performers leap up high and stamp on the ground, signifying their strength, flexibility and alertness which they employ to fight their enemies during the war.
The Kachari cultural troupe performed the indigenous game Goda Jang Konsa Dobani. Rengma cultural troupe performed cotton spinning song, Tefü Kethyü Lü which is sung while engaged in the task of spinning cotton by young girls. Thsakuk nyinging (butterfly dance) a dance performed by the Sangtam tribe. The sight of butterflies flying towards the river in the month of October and November signified that winter is near and is time for hunting and fishing. The song also praises the butterfly. The Sumi tribe also performed aphilo kuwo (war dance) and enthralled the audience. The Yimchunger tribe also performed Khuyh Achihkhi a traditional game which is performed by the women during the festivals and other special occasions. It is played with a wild disc know khuyih which has to be placed in the drawn rectangular lines with several more lines drawn within it. The Phanjang Village cultural troupe performed the Jangcha Lam dance which is dedicated to a warrior named Jangcha who was known for his strength and skills.
The Zeliang cultural troupe performed Herie Lim, a dance which is a tribute to the great Hornbill bird. It attempts to capture the movement of excited flocks of hornbills feeding on the fruit trees.
The host for the cultural programme were Minister for Health & Family Welfare, S. Pangnyu Phom and Advisor, IT, S&T, NRE, Mmhonlumo Kikon.
(Page News Service)