Whenever we Heard or discuss about Chipko movement one name is associated is Padma Vibhusan Environmentalist Sunderlal Bahuguna the pioneer of “Chipko Movement” who coined “Ecology is the Permanent Economy” The movement originated in the Himalayan region of Uttarakhand erstwhile Uttar Pradesh in 1973 and quickly spread throughout the Indian Himalayas.The hindi word Chipko means ” to hug” or “to cling to” and reflects the demonstrators primary tactic of embracing the trees to impede the loggers. Chipko movement, one of the strongest movements to conserve forests in India.
The Himalayas are a mountain of emotions, not rocks and boulders, and we must preserve and nurture it to save our culture ,to save our souls. My fight is to save the Himalayas and it will continue. My movement has not gone waste because it will give strength and direction to the fight ahead said by the environmentalist Sunderlal Bahuguna.
The Indian Himalayan region is spread across 12 states where North East Indian region is a part of it which includes Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Sikkim. But, the irony is that, This north east Himalayan region registers decline in forests cover because of deforestation.
Deforestation has a number of negative consequences for people’s livelihoods and even threaten their lives. By accelerating soil erosion, altering local hydrological cycles and precipitation patterns, and decreasing the land’s ability to retain water during rainy periods, deforestation contributes to reduced agricultural productivity, more severe flooding, and siltation of rivers that may damage fisheries. A large part of the Indian subcontinent, for example, is highly dependent on the integrity of forests in the Himalayan foot hills and other catchment areas in the region.India receives the bulk of its water from just a few monsoon storms each year. Land that is able to absorb water and release it in moderate proportions yields a manageable, appropriate supply, a denuded landscape, however, means devastating floods. With insufficient forest cover “The Himalayas are no longer able to buffer the powerful monsoon because the sponge effect of the soul to absorb a certain amount of water is lost.Hard rain flows more quickly off mountain sides taking soils that are left unprotected. The flood prone areas in India have almost trippled in the last 25 years.
The sustainable development enables the Realisation of green, clean environment without pollution, having prosperity, without poverty, peace without fear of war and a happy place to live for all citizens everywhere in the world. An understanding of security that fits today’s world will require a shift from conflicts of National security to cooperation for global security.Instead of defending the status quo, “Sustainable security” will be defined in terms of change and adaptation.Tanks and war planes will no longer be the measure of security, availability of resources, quality of Environment and equity of Distribution will be more significant Indices.
As monsoon is approaching people must be preparing for plantation work, in fact plantation is for Every season and for every region. We all can plant atleast one tree in remembrance of the greatest soul Padma Vibhusan Environmentalist, Sunderland Bahuguna the pioneer of Chipko movement who left this world at the age of 94 on Friday 21st May 2021.His demise is a loss for the whole world. His contribution towards the planet earth will be remembered forever.God rest the soul.
May you always stay in our spirits and Energise us to work for a greener and better world.
Protect our Forests !!!
Chao Basant Gogoi, B.A. LL.B
President, All Tai Ahom Students’ Union (ATASU) Kamrup metro Guwahati, Assam
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