Monday, June 24, 2024
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Cancer cases on the rise in Northeast


GUWAHATI, AUGUST 13: The occurrence of cancer in the Northeast is on the rise. Assam tops the list in the region. The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR) projected that the number of new cancer cases in the Northeast is likely to increase to 57,131 by 2025, compared to 53,046 in 2022; 47,881 in 2018; 49,067 in 2019; 50,317 in 2020; and 51,675 in 2021.
According to the ICMR-NCDIR report, Assam registered 39,787 cancer cases in 2022, followed by 3,025 in Meghalaya, 2,715 in Tripura, 1,985 in Mizoram, 2,097 in Manipur, 1,854 in Nagaland, and 1,087 in Arunachal Pradesh.
In 2020, Assam registered 37,880 cancer cases, leading to the deaths of 22,824; and 38,834 in 2021, leading to the deaths of 23,395.
In 2022, 23,974 cancer patients died in Assam, 670 in Arunachal Pradesh, 1060 in Nagaland, 1220 in Manipur, 1271 in Mizoram, 1651 in Tripura, and 1980 in Meghalaya.
According to experts, the rise in cancer cases in Assam is due to the excessive use of tobacco. The Kamrup (Metro) district has recorded the highest annual increase in the incidence of cancer (3.8%) in the State.
Cancer is diagnosed and treated at various levels in healthcare facilities. The treatment in Government hospitals is either free or highly subsidised for the poor and needy. Treatment of cancer is also available under Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY). Besides, quality generic medicines are made available at affordable prices to all under the Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) in collaboration with the State Governments.
Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment (AMRIT) Pharmacy stores have been set up in some hospitals and institutions with the objective of making available cancer drugs at a substantial discount vis-à-vis the Maximum Retail Price (MRP).
(Courtesy: The Sentinel)