Last updated on: August 8, 2020 at 12:02 am IST
A serious impediment in the way of progress, which has been consistently realized by our neighbours, but which is still to be seriously taken in our State, is ascribing roles to the individuals regardless of their being discordant with their natural abilities, aptitudes and temperaments. By ascribing status rather than discovering the latent faculties and promoting them to play the roles that are in harmonious with one’s pre-dispositions, we have wasted precious human resource, perpetrated individual injustice and produced collective poverty. The underlying characteristic of human society is the pre-ordained aptitude – temperament differentiation among its members. Different individuals have been bestowed with differing faculties to play different roles necessary to propel human civilization from poverty to progress. If this scheme of things is allowed to function, by providing each individual appropriate environment to promote his/her latent faculties without arbitrarily ascribing roles, progressive march of human civilization is guaranteed. Socrates (470-399 B.C) was the first known great mind to articulate that “Each individual should always be put to the use for which nature intended him, and then every man would do his own business….” Plato elaborated the thesis of his mentor and considered it an essential pre-requisite of a good and just state. The good state, according to him, accepts human nature, accepts that every human being has his own predominant faculty and drafts each to his proper place. In their assertion that each human being has been bestowed with a special faculty, these philosophers of yore are supported by researches conducted by psychologists. This is also attested by common experience beyond space and time. And the recent discoveries made by scientists working on human genes put a seal on the theory. While Plato recognizes that ‘state makes the man’, he had, however, learnt that “actual state denies rather than fulfills man”. This is typified by its mala fides engagements in mismatching the roles of its subjects. Instead of helping to forge a just society by creating a climate where the people will have to achieve the status rather than ascribing it, the managers of the state misused the public office and created a situation. Here the three man-made factors which emanates from mis-governance disturbs the nature’s scheme and made mess of it are – economic disparities, dual education system and misuse of public office by those who hold it. Mass poverty denied the majority the opportunity to promote their predominant faculty, paving way for the minuscule rich to misappropriate the roles for which they were not necessarily created. And the final nail into the coffin of human excellence was driven by misuse of public office to serve one or the other personal interest. It is, therefore, little surprising that all those societies, which are reeling under mass poverty and rampant corruption and dishonesty, and which lack arrangements to identify talent and promote it, have failed to make any worthwhile contribution to human progress. What is more disturbing is that the graph of some critical sectors is sharply sliding in downward curve. One can readily cite the plight of our thousands of unemployed graduates. We are in a situation when majority of our graduates are unemployable – they don’t have the necessary skills for the job market available. Compare this to the past: When in the conditions of pervasive illiteracy we could produce great minds in different fields, and logically the number of path breakers should have immensely multiplied in the changing scenario of literacy revolution. Why did not this happen? Why do we instead observe a reverse trend? There are many reasons for it; nonetheless one important factor is the abysmal fall in the moral standard of a responsible state; with the result merit is sacrificed at the altar of serving personal interests. The retrograde system of ascribing roles does not only cause an irreparable loss to human progress and inflicts an incurable pain on those who are deprived, but it also does not do any good to those who are ‘favoured’. After all, only such career is enjoyed which is compatible with one’s nature; and one performs only in that station which befits one’s faculty. We talk of good governance but it remains a dream. However, it will come true if we maintain the nature’s scheme, refrain from disturbing it, leave no scope for ascribing status, create conditions for only achieving the status and provide no scope for entertaining wild ambitions to cross over to other man’s dominion.