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Agricultural GVA forms 21% of Nagaland’s GSDP: NAAS report

DIMAPUR, JUNE 17: Nagaland’s agricultural gross value added (GVA) constitutes 21% of its Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP), according to the State of Indian Agriculture report released by the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS).
This is the 7th highest among all the States and Union Territories of the country. “The share of agriculture and its allied sectors in the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) exhibits stark variations across the States”, the report found.
At the all-India level, agricultural gross value added (GVA) constitutes a 14.4% share of GDP. But among the States, the agricultural GVA varied from a meagre 3.3% share in Puducherry to a 33.3% share in Arunachal Pradesh.
“A higher share indicates a more significant contribution of agriculture to State-level economic output and a slower pace of growth in the industrial and services sectors. Madhya Pradesh follows closely on Arunachal Pradesh at 31.2%, which indicates the prominence of the agricultural sector in that State’s economy. Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Tripura also exhibit noteworthy percentage shares at 28.7%, 26.1%, and 22.9%, respectively”, the report revealed.
In both Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, the agricultural GVA share to its GSDP stood at 21.2%.
According to the report, neither the industry nor the service sector appear to have been able to pull people out of agriculture as 45% of India’s 520-million-person labour force continues to be employed in agriculture.
“Though agricultural income is estimated to be Rs 46 trillion and is growing, low levels of labour productivity result from the large numbers of people dependent on it. This mismatch in income and employment shares may also indicate a neglect of agriculture in the existing economic development model, which in turn has caused large disparities in income between the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors.
“This suggests an urgent need to recognise the importance of agriculture by, among other things, improving land and labour productivity and creating off-farm jobs”, the report stated.
Largest landholding
In terms of landholding, Nagaland has the largest average size of landholdings (4.9 ha) in the country. “This can be attributed to its vast land area of 1.7 mHa and its relatively small population of 1.5 million.
“Punjab has the 2nd-largest average land area, at 3.6 ha, followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Haryana. Other Northeastern States also have larger per capita landholdings than other States due to their vast geographical area and smaller populations. States such as Telangana, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar and Kerala, on the other hand, show average landholdings that are smaller than the all-India average”, the report informed.
Per the report, landholding in the agricultural landscape of India is categorised by the size of the operated area. A majority of landholdings (60%) are occupied by small and marginal farmers, who collectively manage 50% of total landholdings.
“Medium and large farmers together constitute only 18% of total farm holdings, which illustrates the extent of India’s inequality of land distribution, fragmentation of landholdings, and small-scale agricultural practices. Policy efforts are necessary to encourage collective farming practices that ensure higher remuneration for farmers.
“Both the number of landholdings and the area of operational holdings under marginal and small farmers have experienced a sharp increase between 2005-06 and 2015-16. Since 2005-06, the number of holdings has increased by 3%; this land fragmentation should be considered a major reason for the low level of productivity, poor mechanisation, and the reduced income from agriculture”, it stated.
Soil erosion and land degradation
According to the report, cultivable areas in Nagaland stretching to 46 hectares in total have been lost to soil erosion. “Soil erosion in the cultivable areas of several States poses a threat to agricultural production and to State-level earnings.
“In India, a total of 9.2 mHa is affected by soil erosion, which is almost 6% of the total cultivable land area”, it stated.
Rajasthan, with 19,029 hectares, suffered the most from soil erosion “due to extensive arid and semi-arid zones, with large desert areas that receive less rainfall every year”, it stated.
“Uttar Pradesh (13,075 hectares) and Madhya Pradesh (12,262 hectares) follow Rajasthan closely and these 3 States together comprise 50% of total soil erosion in India.
“Soil conservation practices must be prioritised based on the severity of the degradation and a region-wise land management framework should be developed to control soil degradation due to water and wind erosion and anthropogenic activities”, it stated.
(Page News Service)