1:Dispensation of Naga-Political Formative Periods (1917- 1951).
1917, 21 April ; Naga Labour Corps: The 21st Naga Labour Corps was under the Cammand of a Deputy Commissioner Mr. H.C Barnes who led the troop and march out from Naga Hills to participate in WW-1 of 1917-1918, of which 2000 Labour Corps (LC) were from Nagas under the Cammander in Chief, Kuhoi Sema of Sukhai Village. He died on call of dutyon 25.12.1917 in France. In His Epitaph written, “Kuhoi Sema Naga which rendered as KO HO SENUNA NAGI MATE” that reads, “ He took 24 heads and was present at the death of 130 enemies in battle”.
1918, 31 October ;NAGA CLUB : The zealous task of this formation was led by the intellectuals of those days including Clergymen and the Labour Corps returnees together that formed Naga Club.
1929, 10 January ; Eleven Years after the formation of ‘Naga Club’, signed by eight members submitted a ‘Memorandum’ to Simon Commission of 7 Members led by Sir John Simon.
1935 ; Bill Introduced by British India Parliament, Naga Hillswas declared an Excluded Area
or an Independent Free Nation till late 1960’s the Excluded area was brought under the Home Ministry administrative set up.
1946, 2 February ; In which Naga National Council (NNC) was formed with the first President Shri. Imti Aliba Ao.
1947,28 June ; Nine Point Agreement was made between GoI represented by Sir, Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari, the Governor of Assam and NNC.
1947,14August ; Naga Independence Day was declared with a communication to the UNO Secretary General and the host of other Nations concerned.
1950, 24 January ; NNC declared that the NAGAS did not accept the Indian Constitution, whereas Indian Constitution became the Law only on 26th January in 1950 after four years of it declared Sovereign Republic of India.
1951, May 16; Insolidarity to the declaration of Naga Independence, Nagas conductedPlebisciteand itpolled 99.9 % in favour of the Naga Independence.
1952, 1957; In both the Indian General election , Nagas rejected by not participated in the Election.
2: Dispensation of Free Naga Revolutionary Movements( 1950 – 1956 ).
1950_1954 ; Formation of Eastern Sema Tribal Council (ESTC) a separate body from the general Sema Tribal Council (STC) under the Indian brand name, ‘AZADI NAGA’ or ‘FREE NAGA’.
An Episode of First Indo-Naga Battle, 4 to 10 Sept’ 1955.
In this eventful episode from 1950 to 1956:In 1950, Brigadier SailoLushai Political Officer who was in-charge of Naga Hills Tuensang District was also given dual charge to supervise the un-controlled or un-administered AZADINAGA.(Aghunato Area)
In 1952 May, N.I Jamir as Asst. Education Officer cum-Asst. Political Officer was posted to supervise and Oversee the administrative Affairs of Aghunato Area.
In 1953, S.D LadkharAsst. Political Officer was posted an independent charge to Aghunato Area. The period was perhaps the grievous time the administrative Officer had experienced confronting two forces: the first one being the forces against administrative office set up at ‘AZADI AREA’, and the other forces was the people rebels and revolution against the Government for Naga Independence which was at its apex by then.
1953-1954:Formation of ESTC and campaign for enrollment of Naga ArmyVolunters both from man and women folks.
1955, 5 April; ESTC /FREE NAGAS had a Summit at Khekiye Village, in which Kaito,attended the meeting along with 10 brave patriots from Kohimaon request from Free Nagas. In the same Summit, he was unanimously elected to be General NSG along with few top leaders.Immediately after the meeting, on 18 May the successful outcome of the meeting was communicated to NNC President and Officials at Kohima
In deep appreciation to the outcome of the meeting, NNC Officials donated 2Nos Rifles, 1No Tommy Gun along with 1000 rnds of Tommy Gun and 250 rnds of Rifles to General Kaito and wish the people a success in the mission of war with the occupational forces.
1955, 4-10 September ;General Kaito had his designated GHQ at Khekiye Village where he took all strategic war plan and started attacks and counter attacks with Indian Arm Forces, till itculminated its decisive war of 7 days battle from 4th to 10th Sept’55. On the fateful day ofthe last battle, GHQ Khekiye Village was razed to ashes that spare no immovable and paraphernalias of houses and its livestock besides all sources of economy as well. The people had a catastrophic suffered that deserted their village andevacuated to respective neighbouring villages and it said they returned after 3 to 4 years.
The immediate Villages, Hoshepu, Khewoto and Nihoshe Villages were all burn to ashesand had a great suffer with the impact of the battle. In the aftermath battle,some of the indelible records available with the people were;
1)360 Soldiers died as per the accounts available with DBHutovi of Khewoto Village that counted the
helmets collected immediate after the battle, and the second account of the battle was DB Zukhuhe of Khetoyi Village who guided Indian Army enroute to the battle zone at Hoshepudefence post from South-East.On the North 17 BN Rajputsenroute to the battle zone alongthe main road to KhewotoVillage themain defence post.
2) Sh. S.D Ladkhar Asst. Political Officer was an Independent Officer In-Charge of Aghunato Area by then, who was still a living witness to the whole episode of the battle, from whom we also received the greeting message on the Observance of its 50th Golden Jubilee. According to the sources on the ground: 17 BN Rajputs and 3BN Assam Rifles were the main forces from Indian side who took the led in this fierce battle..
3) We have the record of its Jubilee program; in which Sh. Late HorangseSangtam President Naga Hoho as Chief Guest and Sh.H.SRotokha President SumiHoho as Guest of Honour on the observance of its 50th Golden Jubilee on 6th Dec’ 2005.
4) In recognition to the sacrifices made by the people towards the Nagas struggle movement for Independence, we have a record of greeting message from Sh.IsakChishiSwuYaruwo NSCN (I & M) along with financial assistance and a senior ranking officer was also assigned to participate in the Observance.
5) Prominently, the people of this Area and the Range in particular sincerely acknowledge the leadership of Sh. Neiphiu Rio Hon’ble Chief Minister and his Cabinet colleaques for the respect of this historical facts in considering the upgradation of the earliest Sr. Area Superintendent post to that of the Extra Assistant Commissioner post that was way back in the year 2012.
1956, 22-23 March ;Satakha Assam Police I.B Post was attacked when NSG HQ was redesignated at Xuivi Village after the battle. The strategic war plan was thought up, under the supreme cammander General Kaitowho along with assigned troop commanders, attacked the post on 22March, and the next day around 3 PM the I.B Post was overpowered and captured that recorded; 78 armed police were surrendered along with sorted ammunitions as listed ; 1) Total Number of Armed Police – 78 Personnels, 2) 2” Mortar with Shell – 2Nos,3) LMG – 2 Nos, 4) Tommy Gun – 1 No, 5)33MM Pistol- 1No, 6) Rifles -72 Nos
3. Dispensation of Fed’ Govt of Nagaland(FGN)& Rev’ GovtNagaland(RGN) 1956-1975.
1956, 22 March ; Formation of Federal Government of Nagaland.
1960,26 July ; The 16 Points Agreement between the GOI and the Naga People’s Convention that led to the formation of Nagaland State.
1964,6 September ; On this Day, the First historic Ceasefire agreement was signed between FGN and GOI was officially declared at Ungma Village of Mokokchung District.
1968, 2ndNov’ :Formation ofthe Revolutionary Government of Nagaland (RGN) a splintered group
from FGN on the diverse principle of Offered political solution by the GoI.
1973, 15thAugust ; Revolutionary Government of Nagaland (RGN) laid its Arms before His Excellency Governor of Nagaland Shri. L.P Singh at Zunheboto District HQ.
1975, 11th November ; Shillong Accord was signed between the the GOI represented by two advisors to Governor, Sh. Ramuny, Sh. H.Zopianga and Sh. M.L KampaniJtSecy, MoHA. and FGN Nagas represented by; I.Temjenba 2. S. Dahru, 3. Z.Ramyo, 4.M.Assa, 5.KeviYalley.
4. Dispensation of National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NPGs) Factions ( 1980-1988)
1980, 31 January ;Nagaland Socialist Council of Nagaland was formed.
1988, 30April ;NSCN was split in to two NSCN (IM) and NSCN (K) base in Myanmar.
1997, 1 August ; Second Ceasefire Agreement was agreed on 25 July between GOI and NSCN IM, but officially it was signed and declared on 1st August 1997.
5. Frame Work Agreement and Negotiations for Final Indo-Naga Political Solution.
2015,3 August ; Frame Work Agreement between GOI represented by Interlocutor RN Ravi in
Presence of Hon’ble Prime Minister NarendraModi, Home Minister , and other High dignitaries;On NSCN (IM) side represented by AtoKilonser& Chief Negotiator ThMuivah in presence ofCollective leaders and dignitaries.
2017, 17November ; ‘Agreed Position’ Agreement signed between Interlocutor Shri.RN Ravi GOI and WC of 7NNPGs Convenor, Shri.KitoviZhimomi and host of dignitaries.
6. The Nagaland State Assembly also had its share of Resolutionsfor NagaPolitical Solution.
The Nagaland State Assembly- started from 1964 as on 2018 has passed 6 Resolutions on the integration of Contiguous Naga inhabited Areas under one administrative umbrella, since;
Dec’12,1964 ;August 28,1970 ; Sept’16,1994 ;Dec’18,2003; July 1,2015;Sept’ 21,2018.
Now, if we are to count 1929, it was 91years; if we look back at 1946 when NNC was given birth, it was 74 years now; if we reminisce our declared Independence Day 1947, it was 73 years to which all NPGs Observed the same Day only few months ago; if we remember the fierce first Indo-Naga battle 1955, it is now 65 years and even if we looked at the first Ceasefire 1964, by now it was 56 years. Then how long more..shall we travel to our destination. We have surpassed the years more than the Isralites have traversed to reach the promise land. We are all from the stock of the same race and the same principle of political destination. World is looking at us, let us not pass it on to the next generation. Till I forgive to some one – done me wrong, God is not ready to accept me forgiveness, why not joint hands to conclude the solution that is at hand.
G. Z Zhimomi, Editor, First Indo-Naga Battle, Hoshepu Range, Aghunato Area
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