(15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539)
Guru Nanak was the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. His birth is celebrated worldwide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab (Birth Day Celebrations) on Kartik Pooranmashi, the full-moon day in the month of Katak, October–November.
Guru Nanak was born on 15 April 1469 at TalvaGi village in the Lahore province of the Delhi Sultanate (presently Nankana Sahib is in the Pakistan occupied Punjab,).
His parents were Kalyan Chand Das Bedi, popularly shortened to Mehta Kalu, and Mata Tripta. His father was the local accountant for crop revenue in the village of Talwandi. His parents were both Hindu Khatris and employed as merchants.
He had one sister, Bebe Nanaki, who was five years older than he was. In 1475 she married and moved to Sultanpur . Nanak was attached to his sister and followed her to Sultanpur to live with her and her husband, Jai Ram. At the age of around 16 years, Nanak started working under Daulat Khan Lodi employer of Nanaki’s husband. This was a formative time for Nanak, as the Puratan (traditional stories) Janam Sakhi suggests, and in his numerous allusions to governmental structure in his hymns, most likely gained at this time.
According to Sikh traditions, the birth and early years of Nanak’s life were marked with many events that demonstrated that Nanak had been marked by divine grace. Commentaries on his life give details of his blossoming awareness from a young age. At the age of five, Nanak is said to have voiced interest in divine subjects. At age seven, his father enrolled him at the village school as was the custom. Notable lore recounts that as a child Nanak astonished his teacher by describing the implicit symbolism of the first letter of the alphabet, resembling the mathematical version of one, as denoting the unity or oneness of God. Other childhood accounts refer to strange and miraculous events about Nanak, such as one witnessed by Rai Bular, in which the sleeping child’s head was shaded from the harsh sunlight, in one account, by the stationary shadow of a tree or, in another, by a venomous cobra.
On 24 September 1487 Nanak married Mata Sulakkhani, daughter of Mûl Chand and Chando RâGî, in the town of Batala. The couple had two sons, Sri Chand and Lakhmi Chand .
Nanak was a Guru (teacher), and founded Sikhism during the 15th century The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, unity of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder’s life.
The Guru Granth Sahib is worshipped as the Supreme Authority of Sikhism and is considered the eleventh and final guru of Sikhism. As the first guru of Sikhism, Guru Nanak contributed a total of 974 hymns to the book
Nanak’s teachings can be found in the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib, as a collection of verses recorded in Gurmukhi Script.
Through popular tradition, Nanak’s teaching is understood to be practiced in three ways:
Chakkô: Sharing with others, helping those with less who are in need
Kirat Karô: Earning/making a living honestly, without exploitation or fraud
Naam Japna: Meditating on God’s name to control the five weaknesses of the human personality.
Guru Nanak emphasized Nam Japna (or Naam Simran), that is repetition of God’s name and attributes, as a means to feel God’s presence.
Sikhs believe that Guru Nanak’s message was divinely revealed. Sikhs give the utmost importance to the writings of the gurus in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book that is revered as the 11th and perpetual guru. Guru Nanak’s own words in Guru Granth Sahib state that his teachings are as he has received them from the Creator Himself.
Different Names of Guru Nanak Dev Ji in World
Guru Nanak Dev Ji, travelled to many different places (he did 4 big journeys) & taught people how to practically approach God. He tried to educated people that cannot find God by hanging themselves upside down. He taught people how to reach God without leaving this world. He was against violence and oppression. He spent all of his life teaching and helping people. More than half of Asian countries follows his teachings and worship him. He was such a great role model and helpful to every religion, for that he is worshipped by so many religions (not just sikhs). He is known by different names across the countries, as following:
Jagat Guru, GURU NANAK SAHIB JI Known As
“NANAKACHARYA” In Sri Lanka !
“NANAK LAMA” In Tibbat !
“GURU RIMPOCHEA” In Sikkim & Bhutan !
“NANAK RISHI” In Nepal !
“NANAK PEER” In Bagdad !
“VALI HIND” in Makka !
“NANAK VALI” in Misar !
“GURU NANAK VALI HIND”, “NANAK KADAMDAR” in roos !
“BABA NANAK” in Iraq !
“PEER BALAGDAAN” in Mazhar Shareef !
“BABA FOOSA” in China !
Kartarpur Sahib ( Pakistan )
The gurdwara was built to commemorate the site where Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, settled after his missionary work. He assembled a Sikh commune there, and lived for 18 years until his death on 22 September 1539. The gurdwara is built where Guru Nanak is said to have died. It is therefore the second holiest site of the Sikh religion after the birth place of Guru Nanak located in Nankana Sahib, Pakistan.
In 1947 when India was divided, the major portion of Punjab went to Pakistan . Sikhs have waited 72 years to visit this place.
S Navjot Singh Sidhu The cricketer-turned-politician visited Pakistan , attended Imran Khan’s Swearing in ceremony in Pakistan . S Navjot Singh Sithu Requested Imran khan to open Kartarpur Sahib To commemorate the 550th Birth anniversary which is just 4 km india Pakistan border . The Prime Minister of Paklistan Kept his Promise.
Indian Prime Minister Shri Modi has also shown the same gesture. Both the Prime Ministers have kept religious values above the politics. The Sikh Community of the whole world will remain in Gratitude to both the Prime Ministers , forever .
S Navjot Singh Sidhu, The cricketer-turned-politician appreciated Khan’s decision to keep politics separate from religion and said the move would bring the two countries closer.
This would have not been possible without the sincere efforts of both the countries.
Guru Nanak, the first Sikh guru, breathed his last in Kartarpur and his 550th birth anniversary will be observed in 12thNovember 2019.
Compiled by Harjinder PS Ahluwalia