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28,522 murder cases registered in India in 2022, 78 every day: NCRB


Nagaland in top 5 States list with least murder cases in 2022

NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 4: A total of 28,522 FIRs of murder were registered in 2022 – an average of 78 killings every day or more than 3 every hour – across India, down from 29,272 in 2021 and 29,193 in 2020, according to the latest NCRB data.
‘Disputes’ with 9,962 cases was the motive in highest number of murder cases in 2022 followed by ‘personal vendetta or enmity’ in 3,761 cases and ‘gain’ in 1,884 cases, said the data in the annual crime report of the National Crime Records Bureau, which functions under Union Ministry of Home Affairs.
The rate of murder per lakh population across the country stood at 2.1, while the charge sheeting in such cases was 81.5, according to the NCRB.
Uttar Pradesh saw the highest number of such FIRs at 3,491 in 2022 followed by Bihar (2,930), Maharashtra (2,295), Madhya Pradesh (1,978) and Rajasthan (1,834), with the top 5 States together accounting for 43.92% of murder cases in the country, the data showed.
The top 5 States with the least number of murder cases in 2022 were Sikkim (9), Nagaland (21), Mizoram (31), Goa (44), and Manipur (47), according to the NCRB, which is tasked with collection and analysis of crime data.
Among Union Territories, Delhi, the national capital, registered 509 cases of murder in 2022 followed by Jammu and Kashmir (99), Puducherry (30), Chandigarh (18), Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (16), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (7), Ladakh (5) and Lakshadweep (Zero).
Across India in 2022, the murder rate was highest in Jharkhand (4), followed by Arunachal Pradesh (3.6), Chhattisgarh and Haryana (both 3.4), Assam and Odisha (both 3).
Uttar Pradesh (1.5), Bihar (2.3), Maharashtra (1.8), Madhya Pradesh (2.3) and Rajasthan (2.3) fared better in terms of crime per lakh population.
In terms of age, 95.4% victims of murder were adults.
Of total murder victims, 8,125 were female and 9 third-gender persons, with men constituting about 70% of victims, according to the NCRB.
In a note of caution about the annual report, the NCRB said the primary presumption that the upward swing in police data indicates an increase in crime and thus a reflection of the ineffectiveness of the police is fallacious.
“‘Rise in crime’ and ‘increase in registration of crime by police’ are clearly two different things, a fact which requires better understanding. Thus an oft-repeated expectation from certain quarters that an effective police administration will be able to keep the crime figures low, is misplaced”, it stated.
“Increase in crime numbers in a State Police data may in fact be on account of certain citizen centric police initiatives, like launching of e-FIR facility or women Helpdesks, etc.
“The increase or decrease in crime numbers, however, does call for a professional investigation of underlying factors pertaining to the local communities to suitably address the pertinent issues”, it added.