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Sunday, February 18, 2018

Raksha Bandhan - Festival of Brotherhood

Monday, 07 August 2017 11:56
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Raksha Bandhan in Sanskrit literally means "the tie or knot of protection".  The word Raksha means protection, while Bandhan is the verb to tie. The words Raksha and Bandhan are connected with many Bharatiya languages.The word Raksha means 'protection' and Bandhan means 'to tie'. Generally we try to tie things, parts of any human being or animal for our save or do any work. It can be call the examples for individual matter. But the words Raksha Bandhan are meaningful and connected with one social festival.  It is the festival of our country. This festival comes during the month of Shrawan or August in every year. The people of country celebrate from different kinds.  Sanatan dharm people celebrate this festival on their religion base. Bharat is the country of festivals. Many-many societies celebrate many-many festivals connected with home or family or society on the name of Almighty God for happy and freedom from ills. Own brother and sister also celebrate as Rakhi festival. The sister ties Rakhi in whilst of brother and aspect my brother will always save her. 

Raksha Bandhan has been celebrating many-many countries in whole world. Raksha Bandhan festival provides way for answers to many problems of societies, countries and world.        

According to ancient traditions, it is customary to have protection threads that are charged with sacred verses and sanctified with rice, durva grass etc.; to have these tied by people who know the Vedas or by near and dear ones. This protection thread saves from sins on the one hand and removes diseases on the other hand. By tying this thread, protection is afforded for a full one year and all kinds of fears are removed. The threads of Raksha Bandhan enhance the artistry of the people. It reside sacred feelings and well wishes. It is also a great sacred verse of unity, acting as a symbol of life's advancement and a leading messenger of togetherness.

Rabindranath Tagore, the Bharatiya Nobel Laureate for literature, invoked Raksha Bandhan as concepts to inspire love, respect and a vow of mutual protection between Hindus and Muslims during Bharatiya's colonial era. In 1905, the British Empire divided Bengal, a province of British Bharat on the basis of religion. Rabindra Nath Tagore arranged a ceremony to celebrate Raksha Bandhan to strengthen the bond of love and togetherness between Hindus and Muslims of Bengal, and urge them to together protest the British Empire. He used the idea of Raksha Bandhan to spread the feeling of brotherhood. In 1911, British colonial empire reversed the partition and unified Bengal, a unification that was opposed by Muslims of Bengal. Ultimately, Tagore's Raksha Bandhan-based appeals were unsuccessful. Bengal not only was split during the colonial era, one part became modern Bangladesh and predominantly Muslim country, the other a largely Bharatiya state of West Bengal. Rabindranath Tagore started Raksha Bandhan Festival as a symbol of Bengal unity, and as a larger community festival of harmony. In parts of West Bengal, his tradition continues as people tie Raksha Bandhan's to their neighbors and close friends.                                                        

One of Tagore's poems invoking Raksha Bandhan

The love in my body and heart                   

For the earth's shadow and light

Has stayed over years.                               

With its cares and its hope it has thrown

A language of its own into blue skies.      

 It lives in my joys and glooms

In the spring night's buds and blooms      

Like a Raksha-band

On the Future's hand.

Raksha Bandhan is a festival that celebrates the love and duty between brothers-sisters, friends and neighbors. The Rakshaa Bandhan stirs up one of the deepest and noblest emotions in the human heart - the abiding and chaste bond of love between each other's.

The human beings relationship highlighted by the RAKSHA BANDHAN goes far beyond the mere personal protection it also implies the basic element of an amicable and harmonious social life where all members of the society look upon themselves as brotherhood. 

The function signifies the social aspect. Not only do the participants in the function develop a sense of love and affection amongst themselves but they also affirm their loyalty and devotion to the society of which they are the children of one motherland. Their commitment to protect each other and also the society as a whole is emphasized through this simple ceremony.

It is not merely that the spirit of Rakshaa manifests itself on occasions of mortal peril to the life and honor of the beloved ones or to the society. It is not like the home Guards or the militia which are expected to come to the rescue of the people in times of war or natural calamities. No, it is far more deep and all-encompassing. It is like the flow of bloodstream through every limb and organ of the body, carrying strength and nourishment to every cell thereof. As a result, even a small wound anywhere in the body is promptly attended to by the entire body. Every other limb spontaneously sacrifices a part of its blood and energy to heal that wound and keep that organ healthy and strong.

In short, Raksha Bandhan affords a most auspicious occasion to recharge ourselves every year with the true spirit of service and sacrifice for the welfare of the society, and find therein the highest spiritual fulfillment of human life.

Let everyone be happy, let everyone be free from all ills,

Let   everyone behold only the auspicious, let no one be afflicted.


Pankaj Sinha, Dimapur


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