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State must adapt to climate changes

Wednesday, 13 December 2017 12:14
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Kohima, December 12: With the bleak projections of Nagaland's raising temperature which is expected to increase annually on an average between 1.6°C and 1.8°C between 2021 and 2050 and quickly falling level of groundwater all over the state, adaptation rather than mitigation is the need of the hour for the state.

On the second day of the ongoing 3-day 'media workshop on climate change reporting' jointly organized by IHCAP of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India in collaboration with State Climate Change Cell, NASTEC and CMS, the state journalists visited some of the sites in Kohima where the adaptive measures are in progress that impact both the environment as well as the livelihood of the populace.

Dr. Menesetuo Tseikha, district project officer, department of land resources who was the coordinator of the field visit took the organizing team and the media personals to L-Khel, Kohima village where in the year 2016 about 56,000 coffee plants were planted spread over an area of 25 hectares belonging to 15 land owners or 2,235 plants per hectare on the slopes of the hills without destroying the forests.

Dr. Tseikha explained that it is not possible to ask the land holders to just abandon destroying the forests without first giving an alternate source of livelihood to them and coffee plants just serve the purpose.

Commenting about the quality and other aspects of the coffee plants planted, he said that viewing the conditions of Kohima, Arabica rather than Robusta has been preferred and the success rate so far has been 80% to 90%. He also said that people have found the coffee produced in Nagaland to be of superior quality.

He also took the team to Thizama where coffee plantations have been carried out in the year 2017.

Dr. Tseikha said that such projects have been underway all over the state and till now 16 lakhs 80 thousands plants have been planted.

To counter the problem of water scarcity, watering the coffee plantations and collecting the rainwater, Dr. Tseikha took the team to a pilot project in L-Khel where to meet the need of water of the populace and to water the plants a spring shed development project has been initiated by the department of land resources in convergence with People Science Institute, Dehradun and PMKSY-WDC focusing on regenerating springs, streams and underground flows. Such pilot projects are underway in all the districts of the state.

The purpose of the spring shed is to collect the rain water eliminating slit thereby forming a reservoir of water which can be used for different purposes as well as to facilitate replenishing of depleting groundwater.

He said that since the project came into being, the people around the place have witnessed easy access to ground water which could possibly mean that the groundwater is being recharged but it cannot be said with certainty unless a study is done as this could also be a result of heavy rain. According to Dr. Tseikha, the project is impacting 20 hectares to 30 hectares of land.

The 3-day workshop will conclude on December 13. (Page News Service)


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